‘Ndukulu’ and other Sheng words for marijuana parents should know

 

As a parent, are you happy to have your kid home, or are you worried because they will be under your care?

Well, while most parents are going to be busy at work, their children will be in the estates, engaging with their peers, who are also on holiday, which is a good thing.

 

Bhang plant

 

I spoke to one parent who said although they are happy to have the children back home, these are the most dangerous seasons, as most children are now free and could meet bad people who introduce them to drugs.

 “The boyz and yengz in our estate are not all good?” I said, and the parent asked what I meant.
 As most parents concentrate on speaking English and Kiswahili at home, their children are out there, learning how to abuse drugs. What’s more, they could talk about them and even order them next to you, and you don’t understand what they are saying.
 Take, for example, this phone conversation between your son and maybe his friend. “Bruh! Jana nilikua maji singekam.” Kukua maji sounds simple to understand, but some parents will be baffled.

Parents, here are some Sheng words to pay keen attention to when your children are on holiday.

Image result for weed sheng names

Alcohol in sheng’ has several names, including tei, ndogogio and gauge. Tobacco is referred to as kuber, while bhang’ has the most synonyms such as,weed, ndom, ndukulu, tiree, vela, kush, mbichwa, ombidho, shash, shtundu, blunt, Mary J and ngwai.

Bhang can be in the form of edibles like cookies, chocolates, muffins, gummy bears, mabuyu and even in cakes. Cigarettes are also referred to as fuaka. Kama kawaida, parents kaeni rada, meaning be on the lookout!

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Confirmed: Weed raises psychosis risk five-fold, study reveals

Powerful skunk/ cannabis/ weed flooding the streets of Britain increases the risk of psychosis five-fold, a major study reveals.

The problem is so widespread that nearly a third of psychosis cases in London are caused by the drug, researchers found.

They warned that 94 per cent of all cannabis available on the streets of the capital is now in the form of skunk.

It is cultivated to have super-high levels of the psychoactive ingredient THC, making it up to ten times more powerful than the ‘weed’ and ‘hashish’ common 20 to 30 years ago.

Researchers from King’s College London studied 2,100 people in 11 cities in Europe and South America in the biggest study of its kind.

They found that the link with psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia and paranoid delusion was strongest in London and Amsterdam – the two cities where high-potency cannabis is most commonly available.

Voices for the legalisation of cannabis have been growing in recent months, buoyed by the Government’s decision to permit limited use for medical treatment. The researchers warned against following the lead of Canada and the American states of Colorado and California, where legalisation has seen the potency increase.

And they said that even medicinal cannabis oil – available in the UK for a very limited number of people – should come with a warning of psychosis as a possible side effect.

Professor Sir Robin Murray, one of the researchers, said: ‘If you are going to legalise unless you want to pay for a lot more psychiatric beds and a lot more psychiatrists then you need to devise a system in a way that will not increase the consumption and will not increase the potency. Because that is what has happened in the US states where there has been legalisation for recreational use.

‘The critical question is whether medicinal use remains medicinal. The problem in California and Canada was that medicinal use became a synonym for recreational use.

‘You could go on the internet and tell a doctor, “I have headaches, I have back pain, I feel better if I have cannabis”. The main reason they legalised it was to try to control the amount of so-called medicinal use there, hoping that there would be a decrease in the use.’ There was not a risk of that in the UK ‘at present’ because cannabis oil is strictly controlled.

The research, published in the Lancet Psychiatry journal, found that skunk – with a THC level of more than 10 per cent – increased the odds of psychosis 4.8-fold in a person who smoked every day compared with someone who never used the drug. Using it more than once a week was less dangerous, but still increased the risk 1.6-fold.

Low-strength cannabis – with a THC level below 10 per cent – increased the odds of psychosis 2.2-fold if used daily and 1.4-fold if used more than once a week.

Study leader Dr Marta Di Forti said the effect of skunk on mental health is so high that in cities where it is widely available it has a huge impact on numbers diagnosed with psychotic disorders.

If skunk was taken off the streets of London, new cases of psychosis would drop 30 per cent, from 46 to 32 cases per 100,000 people, she said.

This was second only to Amsterdam, which would see a 50 per cent fall. In Cambridge, the only other British city to take part in the study, 8 per cent of psychosis cases were attributed to strong cannabis.

Dr Di Forti said even low-THC cannabis oil, used for epilepsy and MS, should come with a warning of possible mental health effects. The research comes after a Lancet study said cannabis is responsible for 60,000 cases of depression in young people in Britain.

Psychosis is a much rarer condition than depression, so the numbers affected will be far smaller, but the consequences are generally far more serious.

Voices are growing in Britain for cannabis to be legalised. Former deputy prime minister Sir Nick Clegg says making mild forms legally available would stop people using skunk.

Even the Royal College of Psychiatrists is reviewing its position to consider the view that decriminalisation would give the government power to regulate its strength and generate taxes.

-Daily Mail

Bhang/ Marijuana Users Walk Differently: Study Shows…

Smoking pot can affect the way your knees, elbows and shoulders move when you are walking, a new study has found.

The study, from the University of South Australia, found that there are differences between the way marijuana users and non-users walk.

Specifically, marijuana users have stiffer shoulders, more flexible elbows and quicker knees, which move faster than those of non-users, while walking.

While differences in their movements were detected, there were no significant differences between the balancing abilities and neurological functions of users and non-users.

The study’s authors are calling for more research that can determine exactly how marijuana affects people’s movements, as the drug continues to be legalized in the US.

The marijuana users and non-users that the researchers studied were mostly in their twenties. The 44 participants – 22 from each camp – completed screening tests, gait and balance tests and clinical neurological examinations of movement.

Their gait and balance tests involved motion capture systems.

A marijuana user’s knee reaches a greater speed when they walk than a non-user’s knee does while walking.

Their elbows were also more flexible when they walked and their shoulders were less flexible.

The study suggests that cannabis use is linked to changes in a person’s gait but it said that the changes are not clinically detectable. It also called for more research on the topic.

‘Further research is required to investigate if the subtle gait changes observed in this population become more apparent with aging and increased cannabis use,’ the study said.

bhang

Study author Verity Pearson-Dennett told PsyPost: ‘The changes in walking were small enough that a neurologist specializing in movement disorders was not able to detect changes in all of the cannabis users.’

Pearson-Dennett added: ‘The main takeaway message is that use of cannabis can result in subtle changes in the way you move.’

Previous research has proven that marijuana has an effect on a person’s brain, heart and lungs.

The CDC has warned that the drug impacts a person’s metal faculties by affecting their reaction time, their ability to focus, their decision making abilities and their emotions.

And since it affects a person’s circulatory system, marijuana may increase a person’s chances of having a heart attack or stroke.

It can also increase one’s heart rate or blood pressure and exacerbate chest pains that some people experience while exercising.

However, marijuana has also been proven to ease pain and nausea that are caused by some medial treatments.

The study’s results come at a time when Americans are paying close attention to the effects of marijuana given its legalization in 30 states and Washington, DC.

Source

Dangers Of Early Marijuana Use: TEENS Who Start Smoking POT Young Suffer From Lifelong Respiratory Diseases

Teens who start smoking marijuana early could be creating devastating impacts on their health, a new study reveals.

Scientists say that those who begin smoking the drug at age 15 or younger may suffer long-term cognitive impairment and physical illnesses.

But those who don’t smoke until age of 21 are unlikely to develop a lifelong habit, or barely smoke pot at all.

The study, conducted at Concordia University in Montreal, Canada, looked at data from the 2013 Canadian Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, and two others, to determine the effects of cannabis use on self-reported physical and mental health.

MARIJUANA

While the report cites other studies demonstrating the negative impacts of marijuana, it’s the first to look so closely at the age of first use.

In terms of overall effects, the study confirmed that marijuana does affect people’s physical and mental health when they being smoking at a young age.

Particularly, when use began below age 15, the drug was found to cause cognitive impairment, memory loss, diminished IQ, limited educational success and likelihood for developing mental illness.

Those who began smoking marijuana at age 17 or younger had an average 62.5 percent lower chance of receiving a high school degree.

This comes not long after a US study this month found that students who smoke high amounts of cannabis have lower grades and perform worse at school.

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Physically, early users also suffered higher rates of respiratory diseases and certain cancers.

Researchers say that early use is reported to increase the likelihood of long-term habitual use.

On the other hand, the researchers found that individuals who do not smoke marijuana before the age of 21 almost never use it.

The Canadian Task Force on Cannabis Legalization and Regulation recommends that pot use be restricted to those who are age 18 or older.

But the researchers say that educational programs, counseling services and a distribution system could help minimize use by young people.

Pregnant Women Are Smoking Weed To Beat Morning Sickness

When women get pregnant it’s very much common for them to experience morning sickness, though it doesn’t happen to everyone. Some women choose to take medication for that, others use traditional home made remedies like lemon water and now others are using weed– claiming it’s less dangerous than prescribed drugs.

Last week, the American Medical Association suggested that marijuana products should be labelled, ‘Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding poses potential harm’ to discourage the use of the drug as a few human studies have been carried out into the effects of smoking cannabis during pregnancy – although rat studies have suggested the drug can cause brain damage.

Marijuana advocates differ as they draw attention to a Jamaican study which suggested that there was no difference in the behavior of babies who had been exposed to marijuana after a few days.

America’s National Institute on Drug Abuse says that more research is needed to separate marijuana use from other factors, but says, ‘Human studies have shown that some babies born to women who used marijuana during their pregnancies respond differently to visual stimuli, tremble more, and have a high-pitched cry, which could indicate problems with neurological development.’

This week, several unnamed mothers spoke to Vice.com about their choice to use weed during pregnancy. One said that she smoked a puff or two and was able to eat and not throw up, as opposed to other times.

Weed Church Set To Start “Services”

Do not be shocked, well you can because there is now a cannabis church that preaches all things weed.

The church was founded by Bill Levin on March 26 and it already has around 700 members, it is based in Indiana.

Members of the congregation, called “Cannabiterians,” say they smoke marijuana to connect more closely with themselves and others.

One pays a membership fee of  $50 (sh. 4,500 ) for a 12-months and sell “Holy Rollers” rolling paper to raise money for the church.

The church has weed instead of wine and a “pooh-bah” in place of a pastor, who preaches the power of weed to heal the world.

Bill told Yahoo News: “We don’t want to poison people. We want to see them healthy. And cannabis is the healthiest plant on Earth.

Worshippers believe in the “Deity Dozen” – a list of 12 tenets for living a good life – which is the cannabis congregation’s equivalent of the Ten Commandments:

1. Don’t be an a***hole. Treat everyone with love, as an equal.

2. The day starts with your smile every morning. When you get up, wear it first.

3. Help others when you can. Not for money, but because it’s needed.

4. Treat your body as a temple. Do not poison it with poor quality foods and sodas.

5. Do not take advantage of people. Do not intentionally hurt anything.

6. Never start a fight, only finish them.

7. Grow food, raise animals, get nature into your daily routine.

8. Do not be a “troll” on the Internet; respect others without name-calling and being vulgarly aggressive.

9. Spend at least 10 minutes a day just contemplating life in a quiet space.

10. When you see a bully, stop them by any means possible. Protect those who cannot protect themselves.

11. Laugh often, share humor. Have fun in life, be positive.

12. Cannabis, “the Healing Plant,” is our sacrament. It brings us closer to ourselves and others. It is our fountain of health, our love, curing us from illness and depression. We embrace it with our whole heart and spirit, individually and as a group.

Their first service is set for July 1 but the location has not yet been announced. The congregation will recite the Deity Dozen before smoking cannabis together.

 

US confirms weed kills some cancer cells

Marijuana can kill cancer cells, the US government has confirmed.

It is believed that the drug which is legal in a number of American states can also shrink some of the most serious types of brain tumours.

The research was carried out by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), which is funded by the federal government.

Part of a NIDA publication reads: ‘Recent animal studies have shown that marijuana can kill certain cancer cells and reduce the size of others.

‘Evidence from one animal study suggests that extracts from whole-plant marijuana can shrink one of the most serious types of brain tumors.

‘Research in mice showed that these extracts, when used with radiation, increased the cancer-killing effects of the radiation.’

It comes as a bill is being put together which would re-categorise cannabis to a new level that states it has some medicinal value.

-Metro

Would you give weed treats to your pets?

There is hope that the marijuana can be used as a mild pain relief for dogs struggling with illness or other complications normal brought on by old age.

‘Pot for pets’ has been rolled out by firms which believe there’s a gap in the market, report Quartz.

One dog owner told Quartz she was due to put her pet down, but bought it specially engineered weed in a last ditch attempt to help get it better. And it worked.

She said: ‘Never in my wildest dreams would I have anticipated this. It brought my dog back.’

But Julianna Carella, CEO of Treatibles, one of the companies selling these products, said she was reluctant to discuss the medical benefits of animals eating products with hemp.

 

One Direction pays ‘marijuana bond’ to Philippines

British pop phenomenon One Direction paid a cash bond to the Philippines on Thursday that was imposed because of drug concerns, allowing them to play two concerts this weekend, the immigration bureau said.

The bond, 200,000 pesos ($4,500) each for singers Zayn Malik and Louis Tomlinson, will be forfeited should the two get caught using or promoting illegal drugs, Bureau of Immigration spokeswoman Elaine Tan told AFP.

The bond requirement was in response to an anti-drug watchdog group’s request for “strict scrutiny” of Malik and Tomlinson before they were issued work permits, she said.

“The condition is intended to protect the public interest should the band members commit any violation during their stay in the Philippines,” she said.

A video of Malik, 22 and Tomlinson, 23 apparently smoking marijuana in a car while on tour in Peru went viral last year and shocked the tattooed but baby-faced quintet’s hordes of female fans.

The group is scheduled to hold concerts at the seafront grounds of the Philippines’ largest mall, which can accomodate tens of thousands of people, on March 21 and 22.

The mega-venue has in the past hosted teen idols Justin Bieber and Justin Timberlake.

Tickets for the first night have sold out and the second date is expected to sell out as well, Gina Santiago, an executive assistant of the group’s Philippine promoter, Ovation Productions, told AFP.

When asked about the reported marijuana bond, Santiago said the band’s promoters were at the immigration department on Thursday to “sort out” the issue and the concerts would go ahead.

However she was unable to confirm that a bond had been paid.

One Direction, one of the world’s biggest pop music acts, is very popular in the Philippines. The group currently has five albums on the local iTunes album chart.

Marijuana is illegal in the Philippines, a mainly Catholic country where the Church continues to maintain a strong influence on society.

Photo Credits : AFP

New pot users in Spain outnumber new tobacco users

The number of Spaniards who said they started using cannabis in 2013 outnumbered those who said they took up smoking cigarettes, according to a government study released Tuesday.

A total of 169,000 Spaniards began using cannabis in 2013 compared to 142,000 who started to smoke tobacco, according to the latest annual health ministry study of drug use in Spain.

More than one-third of new users, 61,000 or 36 percent, were between the ages of 15 and 17, the study showed.

The number of cannabis users overall was slightly down but the number of people who use the drug on a daily basis has increased.

“The figures confirm the extension of the problematic pattern of consumption of this substance,” the head of the government’s National Drugs Plan, Francisco Babin, said in a statement.

Of Spaniards aged 15 and 64, 9.2 percent said they had smoked cannabis within the last year, down from 9.6 percent in the previous study carried out in 2012.

But the percentage who said they smoked marijuana on a daily basis rose to 1.9 percent in 2013 from 1.7 percent in 2012.

Over 700,000 Spaniards between the ages of 15 and 64 meet the criteria for a diagnosis of a “problem user” of this drug, the study found.

Spain’s proximity to Morocco, one of the world’s principal producers of cannabis, has made it the main gateway into Europe for the drug.

Since June 2013, Spanish authorities have seized more than 100 tonnes of hashish in various operations.

Photo Credits : AFP

Marijuana enthusiasts seek to capitalize on evolving US pot laws

From aspiring “bud tenders” to research scientists and Wall Street analysts, marijuana enthusiasts of every stripe gathered in Washington looking for ways to capitalize on America’s evolving pot laws.

Billions of dollars could be up for grabs in years to come as states allow medical marijuana or fully decriminalize the drug — even though it remains illegal under federal law.

In a scene unthinkable during the first two decades of America’s long-standing “war on drugs,” dozens of pot industry representatives squeezed into a swish hotel just a few blocks from the United States Capitol.

Several were raising money for cannabis ventures or looking to recruit staff but — aside from some futuristic-looking metal pipes and glass bongs — there was little of the paraphernalia one might ordinarily expect at a cannabis convention.

“It’s a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity, and you kind of need to jump on it now to be ahead of the game,” said Nicklaus Tilford, a Tennessee chef who had just given his resume to a Washington-based medicinal marijuana grower searching for a part-time “junior gardener.”

“It’s either now or never,” he said.

A total of 23 states have now legalized marijuana for medical use. Colorado, Washington state, Alaska, Oregon and the US capital have recently passed laws legalizing it altogether.

Other vacant positions up for grabs included marijuana “bud tender,” a plant trimmer, cannabinoid research scientists and even genetic analysts.

While the part-time junior gardener position only offered $12 an hour, Pritesh Kumar, who heads the Phytostaffing medicinal cannabis staffing agency, said the starting salary for an expert chemist was between $150,000 and $300,000.

– Pot in the nation’s capital –

The event came two days after Washington started allowing pot use. People in the nation’s capital can now light up in private without fear of arrest, though selling the drug and consuming it on federal grounds remain prohibited.

Washington residents can, however, grow up to six plants. Many attendees of the weekend convention came seeking cultivation tips.

“The goal for today is really to get a feel for the DC area,” Kumar said, referring to the capital district.

Voters in several more states are likely to consider legalization measures in 2016 elections, including California -– home to about 40 million people and responsible for a huge part of the US economy.

Opinion polls show a slim majority of Americans support marijuana legalization.

“Americans are sick and tired of this prohibition. There’s no indication this is having any effect whatsoever,” National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws executive director Allen St Pierre said in a recent interview.

“I am sitting here three blocks from the White House, I can literally call a bike courier here in DC and have cannabis delivered quicker than a Chinese meal one block away.”

Scott Greiper, president of cannabis consulting and financial services firm Viridian Capital & Research, said legal marijuana sales jumped from $250 million in 2012 to $2.5 billion last year.

Greiper’s company helps smaller, “mom and pop” marijuana firms scale up by bringing in experts and even former federal law enforcement officials to offer advice.

“As much as there’s a growth opportunity in the sector… we find that the people that are actually running these businesses don’t have a lot of experience and track record of growing,” he said.

– ‘Inhaled frequently’ –

Though the drug remains illegal under federal law, President Barack Obama’s administration has come to endorse a hands-off approach.

Obama, who has admitted to using marijuana as a youngster and having “inhaled frequently,” has backed states’ rights to decide how they handle the drug.

Once taboo, many politicians now support legalization, eying potential savings in prison and court costs, as well as tens of millions of dollars in sales tax revenue.

Activists say marijuana enforcement wastes billions of dollars in police and prison costs, and has a life-long impact on users who get a criminal record, including problems finding work.

Additionally, African Americans are much more likely than white people to be arrested for marijuana possession, even though both groups consume it at similar rates.

“The long-term outcomes of incarceration are significantly worse than the health outcomes of marijuana use,” said Malik Burnett, a policy manager at the Drug Policy Alliance in Washington.

But support for legalization is not universal.

Carla Lowe, who lives in the California state capital Sacramento and is founder of Citizens Against Legalizing Marijuana, worried about the potential adverse effects of marijuana on young brains.

Her group believes IQ scores can fall by as much as eight points with marijuana use, which can also increase high school dropout rates.

“We have to fight it with every ounce of our being,” she said. “It has no redeeming factor.”

Photo Credits : AFP

Jamaica legalises Marijuana for religious and medical use

Jamaica has decriminalised the possession of small amounts of marijuana and approved the drug’s use for religious, medicinal and therapeutic purposes.

Legislation passed by both houses of parliament paves the way for a “cannabis licensing authority” to be established to regulate the drug.

This change in legislation means that Jamaicans will be able to grow up to 5 ganja plants on their premises without the fear of arrest.

Rastafarians will also be allowed to use weed freely for sacramental purposes for the first time.

Tourists who are prescribed medical marijuana abroad will also be able to apply for permits allowing them to buy small amounts of Jamaican pot.

The legislation follows several decades of debate about marijuana’s place in Jamaican society.

Rastafarianism, the religion followed by the late  Jamaican reggae musician Bob Marley, sanctions the ritualistic use of marijuana and the drug is widely used.

Supporters of the de-criminalisation argue that laws prohibiting marijuana use caused unnecessary tension between many Jamaicans and police.

The country’s minister of national security Peter Bunting said the legislation marks the end of a decades-long battle to legalize the drug.

The move in Jamaica comes as several US states take steps to de-criminalise marijuana for personal and medicinal use.

Cannabis is the safest drug to use: Study

Not that we are advocating for drug use, but a study on drugs has shown that weed is safer than alcohol.

A study has found that weed is atleast 114 times less deadly than alcohol, according to the journal, Scientific Reports.

The authors studied the effects of alcohol, heroin, cocaine, tobacco, ecstasy, crystal meth and cannabis.

When consumed without any other drug to influence the body, alcohol was actually the likeliest to kill users in doses typically consumed, then heroin, then cocaine.

Marijuana was the least deadly.

In conclusion the ‘results point to strict legal regulatory approach rather than the current total prohibition.

The report however only focused only on death and does not include psychological effects.

The authors ‘suggest a risk management prioritization towards alcohol and tobacco rather than illicit drugs.’

Dad who let baby die in hot car as he smoked weed jailed

A dad who let his 10-month-old foster daughter die in a hot car as he smoked weed and watched Game Of Thrones has been jailed for almost three years.

Seth Jackson, 29, admitted the involuntary manslaughter of Kadillak Poe-Jones but begged a judge not to jail him, saying “I’m not a monster”. He had originally been charged with murder.

Police said Jackson left the baby in a vehicle in Wichita, Kansas, for several hours on July 24 as temperatures in the city hovered around 32 degrees Celsius.

Jackson had picked up marijuana from a dealer and then returned home. He started using the drug without taking Kadillak out of the car, prosecutors said.

Jackson told police he forgot the girl was in the car and only realised when he saw a child on the Game Of Thrones episode he was watcing.

The teaching assistant rushed back to the car, but Kadillak was dead.

An autopsy has revealed that Kadillak – who Jackson had been fostering since she was two-weeks-old – died from hypothermia due to heat exposure.