A three-second pinch test can tell if you’re dehydrated

To test the skin turgor to find out if you’re dehydrated, simply pinch the skin with two fingers on your abdomen, the front of your hand or the skin on your chest just below the collarbone for a few seconds, holding it in place as you pinch.

After pinching your skin for a few seconds let go and if the skin immediately returns to its regular position that means you have normal turgor which shows you’re hydrated enough.

However, if your skin takes a moment to return to normal, that means you have poor turgor which is a sign of fluid loss due to dehydration and you need fluids, according to Medline Plus.

When performing the test which can easily be done anywhere – even at your desk – make sure to check and see if your skin ‘tents,’ meaning your skin stays upright from the pinch for a second longer than normal.

If you’re only slightly dehydrated it can be shown if the skin moves a little slower than usual – but severe dehydration would occur if your skin turgor took a long time to get back in place.

In the case that the pinch test proved you’re dehydrated, don’t fret because doctors revealed helpful tips to get hydrated quickly through fluids, eating properly and skincare to ensure you don’t get dehydrated.

Dr. Dennis Gross revealed to DailyMail.com that the three-second pinch test is ‘the best way to determine if you are dehydrated.’

‘A lack of water in the circulatory system leads to less circulation to the skin and decreased skin elasticity – meaning it will take longer to return to its natural state after being pinched.

‘When you are dehydrated, the skin receives less nutrients, vitamins and oxygen that make it look dull,’ Dr. Gross admitted.

‘Topically, applying any moisturizing product that may contain water can promote hydrated, healthy skin,’ he continued.

Dr. Gross also shared some easy tips to get you hydrated in no time: ‘Apply moisturizer within 30 seconds after bathing and toweling off. The moisturizer will help seal in the water from the shower.

‘Also, trap the steam in your bathroom by keeping the door closed to seal in even more moisture. You can also use oils to hydrate skin but they have pros and cons.

‘The pros are that oils can be used in bath water which seals skin exceptionally well, preventing water evaporation plus they soothe skin, but the cons are that oils are greasy which can certainly be difficult in daytime because the texture doesn’t absorb well and can messes up clothing or sheets.’

Read more: dailymail

These extremely cut out jeans are selling for Sh11,000. Would you buy them?

Talk about giving new meaning to ripped. What’s the most ridiculous fashion you’ve ever laid your eyes on?

Carmar Denim is a Los Angeles based company selling these cut out jeans for 168$.

The pants are described as a high rise pant with large statement cutouts on the front and back.

The company brands itself as a premium denim catered to the free spirited generation of today.

There is currently a wait list as the pants are sold out.

Most of the fabric is missing from a normal pair of jeans, but as a plus, they do at least have pockets.



Scientists discover a new body organ that acts as a built in shock absober

Humans have been studying the anatomy of our own bodies for thousands of years – but, to this day, scientists are still uncovering new secrets.

A team of NYU-led researchers has identified what’s said to be a previously undiscovered organ, and may even be one of the largest in the body.

A team of NYU-led researchers has identified what’s said to be a previously undiscovered organ. File photo

What was once thought to be dense, connective tissues running all throughout the body has now been found to be a network of fluid-filled compartments.

Dubbed the ‘interstitium,’ interconnected compartments act like a ‘highway of moving fluid’ that sits beneath the top layer of the skin.

It also lines the digestive tract, lungs and urinary systems, and surrounds the arteries, veins, and the fascia between muscle.

The interstitium is made up of both strong (collagen) and flexible (elastin) connective tissue proteins, with interstitial fluid moving throughout.

The system drains into the lymphatic system, and is said to be the source of lymph, which is vital to the functioning of inflammation-causing immune cells.

According to the team, the discovery of the fluid ‘highway’ could help to explain how cancer spreads in the body, and pave the way for new ways to detect and treat the disease.

Read more: dailymail.

Eating bread for breakfast can help you LOSE weight

t’s long been assumed that in the battle to lose weight carbohydrates are enemy number one.

But a recent study from Tel Aviv University may have just turned that notion on its head, with experts suggesting a slice of toast for breakfast could actually help you lose kilos.

‘A slice of bread leads to a lower glucose response and is less fattening than an identical slice of bread consumed in the evening,’ said lead study author Dr Daniela Jakubowicz.

‘The hour of the day – when you eat and how frequently you eat – is more important than what you eat and how many calories you eat,’ she continued.

The study revealed people who ate a big breakfast, a medium-sized lunch and small dinner lost four times more weight than individuals who ate the more traditional six portions a day.

While it was testing people suffering from diabetes and obesity, it’s a good indicator of how the average person might expect to lose the extra bulge.


With one in four Australians over the age of 18 struggling with obesity, it’s good news for those who enjoy their Sunday brunch but want to maintain their control as well.

Australian nutritionist Susie Burrell agrees with the findings and believes it to be an encouraging statistic.

‘This is more evidence to show that meal timing and carbohydrate distribution throughout the day is an important part of weight loss and weight control long term,’ she told FEMAIL.

 ‘Optimal glucose, and as such insulin regulation, is the most powerful thing each of us can do for long term weight control and eating portion controlled carbs is the easiest way to achieve this.’

For example, topping your bread with a nut butter, banana and chia seed would be a healthy and delicious choice to kick start the day.

If that doesn’t appeal the trend of adding avocado to a slice of sourdough has a fan base for a reason – this type of dough reduces bloating and has been known to regulate blood sugar levels.

Even the humble Vegemite on toast can be eaten as a healthy treat – particularly if you choose the low-salt variety.

It has a good source of B vitamins like B1, folate and B6 and potassium to act as an ‘antagonist’ to the sodium content.

Read more: dailymail.

The incredible bathroom fit for royalty… at a PETROL STATION

It’s a loo that’s fit for royalty – yet this one is in a petrol station.

Yes, you read that right.

The Petron gas station on Tomas Morato Avenue in Quezon City, Manila, offers its customers bathroom facilities that comprise a toilet framed by an ornate seat, an antique desk, a chandelier and a mirror that wouldn’t look out of place in a castle.

Needless to say, many of the drivers who visit can’t refuse snapping a picture of it.

One was advertising agency project manager Allec Testado, from Manila.

She posted a couple of pictures of it to her Facebook page and told MailOnline Travel that she was amazed.

‘It’s totally unique,’ she said.

Another customer, Lea Santiago Garnodo, commented on the petrol station’s Facebook page: ‘It’s really cool. And beautifully clean and fragrant.’

MailOnline Travel has also reported on bathroom facilities in Japan that are out of the ordinary.

A new Instagram account has been documenting the bizarre designs of Tokyo’s public loos.

The pictures have been collated by Hidefumi Nakamura, who uploads them to his Instagram page toilets_a_go_go.

Read more: dailymail.

Why hormones make us lean to the right the right when we kiss

Your brain is an organ of two halves – the left side and the right side. And there are many brain functions, such as language skills or which hand you write with, which are organised mostly in one side of the brain or the other.

Simple behavioural tests have now allowed us to see how this organisation is revealed through biases in how we see and interact with the world – and each other – often without us being aware of it.

Examining how people perceive a diagram of variously orientated lines and angles provided clues that people typically have a subconscious bias for seeing things set out in clockwise orientations.

We then realised that this might also be related to a number of physical instincts that people have, such as which way they turn their heads. After looking at recent research in visual psychophysics and visual neuroscience, we saw various perceptual and behavioral phenomena in which humans can have a directional bias.

Many of these turning behaviours are seen early in life. For example, infants have an initial bias for turning the head to the right (and consequently extending the left arm outward to compensate for that movement).

Some previous research found that such an instinctive turn to the right extends to adulthood – when an adult kisses another on the lips, their heads tend to automatically lean to the right. But is this an extension of the bias that humans are born with, or do people simply learn to kiss that way?

In Western societies it is commonplace to see people kiss in public, on television, and in films. But are these screen kisses reflecting society, or do they influence how people behave? The prior research on the subject was all conducted with kissing in what are known as ‘W.E.I.R.D.’ – Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich and Democratic – societies. So the conclusions might not reflect what humans naturally do in the absence of learning through observation.

Bangladesh seemed like an interesting non-W.E.I.R.D. country to examine this. It is a conservative Muslim country where kissing is prohibited in public, and even censored from television or films. So, whereas similar results from the W.E.I.R.D. countries could be attributed to social learning or socio-cultural factors, the same cannot as easily be said in Bangladesh.

In our study, we asked a number of married couples in Bangladesh to kiss privately in their own homes. They then went into separate rooms to report on various aspects of the kiss independently of each partner.

A kiss is still a kiss

The results showed that more than two thirds of the kissing individuals had a bias for turning their heads to the right. When initiating a kissing ‘move’ (men were 15 times more likely to initiate the kiss) right-handed people leaned right and left-handed people leaned left.

The person being kissed, regardless of whether they were left or right handed, responded by matching the partners’ head leaning direction. It felt awkward to go the other way as reported by most of the kiss recipients and kiss initiators in our study.

It turns out that humans are similar, even if our social values, and the habits we are exposed to, differ. This bias in the act of kissing is likely innate and determined by the brain splitting up tasks to its different hemispheres, similar to being either right- or left-handed. It is perhaps specifically concerned with the functions in the left cerebral hemisphere, located in the emotion and decision-related areas of the brain.

Different hormone levels (such as testosterone) in each hemisphere and neurotransmitters might be unevenly distributed to each hemisphere (such as dopamine, involved in reward behaviours) and give rise to a bias to turn right.

If you do lean in for a kiss to the left, you may be in the minority. But don’t worry – if the person you are kissing wants to be kissed, they will likely go left, too.

This article was originally published by The Conversation

Read more: dailymail

What your armpits say about your health – study

How your armpits smell – and what you do about it – interacts with the same system of microbes in your gut that protects you from pathogens.

Just like in your gut, a diverse community is living under your armpit, and your deodorant and antiperspirant may be changing more than your smell.

The microbes under our arms, on our skin, and in our guts and saliva play an important in protecting us from other microorganisms that don’t belong in our bodies.

A growing body of research shows just how important maintaining the microbiota under your arms and in this entire system is to protecting your overall health.

Recent research has shown that preventing body odor can significantly, and quickly, alter that microbiome.

Everyone has a unique microbiome that fluctuates with our environments. Our particular biomes protect us from pathogens and are part of what create our body odors.

Some have claimed that deodorants and antiperspirants may be carcinogenic, while others have said that there is not enough evidence to prove this.

Breast cancers often develop in the upper, outer region of the breast, and one study suggested that this could be linked both to the amount of tissue in the area and to the application of deodorants and antiperspirants there.

One argument is that the presence of aluminium in antiperspirants, used to stop the secretion of sweat, could be carcinogenic because the metal acts similarly to estrogen.

Currently, the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health provide some documentation of research on the subject on its website, but says that the results are inconclusive.

Deodorant and antiperspirants change your microbiome

Researchers at the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences in Raleigh found that the microbes under peoples’ armpits varied widely depending on whether they wore deodorant, antiperspirant, or nothing.

They found that both deodorant and antiperspirants suppressed the number and diversity of microbes in armpits.

The study analyzed samples from the armpits of 17 participants, grouped by what kind of products (if any) they used to keep their body odor under control.

Over the course of six days, the researchers swabbed the participants’ more or less sweaty armpits.

On the first day, everyone followed their usual hygiene practices. The people that wore antiperspirants had the least number of microbes, and deodorant-wearers had more microbes, but less diversity.

The types of bacteria found in each pair of pits also varied based on the kinds of products used.

The two most common bacteria in armpits are Corynebacterium and Staphylococcaceae. People that didn’t use products had more of the Corynebacterium, which is the primary cause of unpleasant armpit stench.

Those that used a product had more Staphylococcaceae in their subdued microbiomes. Staphylococcaceae can be good and bad for our systems, depending on how it’s balanced out by other microbes.

Corynebacterium, on the other hand, are more protective of our systems. Antiperspirant-wearers had a greater variety of microbes but fewer overall. Since variation has been proven to be important to our overall microbiome health, both forms of smell-prevention had advantages and disadvantages.

After that first day, the participants were asked to stop using their respective body odor-blocking products.

By the sixth and final day of the study, everyone’s microbiomes were all essentially the same, matching up with those of the people that had not used any product to begin with, though everyone’s microbiotic make up – and therefore, smell – is slightly different.

The study concluded that there is simply much more research to be done about our armpits, their smells and what they tell us about our health and ability to fight off environmental pathogens.

Read more: dailymail.

Just 8 photos of government ministers kneeling before Presidents

Back in March this year, a photo of a Zambian minister kneeling before the country’s President Edgar Lungu went viral. Many of us made fun of the minister, saying it is demeaning to do so.

Even more recently is a similar picture of Zimbabwe’s chairperson of the country’s electoral commission kneeling while talking to President Mugabe.

So, while it may seems ridiculous to us, here are a collection of photos showing a list of government ministers who have been spotted kneeling before the President, that have annoyed social media users. Some date way back.

1. Minister of Trade and Industry Joseph Mwanamvekha kneels before President Peter Mutharika


2. Chairperson of the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (ZEC), Rita Makarau kneels before President Mugabe


3. Former Kenyan minister Nyenze kneels before former President Moi

nyenze kneels before former pres moi

4. Malawi minister sits on the floor while addressing Presidnt mutharika

Malawian Minister has been tag ‘Foolish Man’ for sitting on the floor while addressing President Peter Mutharika.

5. Malawi minister of labour kneels before VP Saulosi Chilima


6. Zimbabwe’s Minister of Local Government Ignatius Chombo kneels before President Robert Mugabes wife

Zimbabwe's Minister of Local Government Ignatius Chombo kneels before President Robert Mugabe's wife ...

7. President Lungu talking to his Minister of Livestock & Fisheries


Too Much Respect? Minister Kneels Before Zambian President (PHOTO)

8. Then Defence Minister George Mpombo Kneeling before the late President Levy Mwanawasa


Partners of people who are going deaf endure frustration – study

Going deaf makes life hard for the sufferer but it is tough on their husband or wife too.

The partners of people losing their hearing endure frustration, anger and upset, research shows.

They have to contend with a blaring television and must raise their voice and repeat themselves to be heard.

They also report becoming socially isolated or having to attend events alone, as their deaf spouse withdraws over fears they will be unable to hear.

They are forced to act as interpreter and field every telephone call. The effort of speaking loudly, repeating words and avoiding misunderstandings can be exhausting, they say.

Researchers at Nottingham University reviewed 78 studies about the impact of deafness on sufferers and those closest to them.

Lead researcher Venessa Vas said: ‘Hearing loss affects the whole family.’

Participants in the studies reviewed by the British researchers had an average age of 66. Only 11 studies related to the feelings of partners and 18 focused on both the partner and the person with deafness.

The results show families struggle with having to interpret for someone losing their hearing. One woman said: ‘By the time you’ve tried telling him what they have said, they’ve moved on.’

Another said it was harder to enjoy social occasions because of her partner’s hearing loss, adding: ‘He’s not participating in the actual conversation and there’s just all this noise going on around him – he just switches off.’

While those going deaf suffer embarrassment, worry and fear of rejection, both they and their partners experience frustration, anger and upset, says the review, published in the journal Trends In Hearing.

People with hearing loss say they feel left out and isolated, with even one-on-one conversations a problem.

The study quotes one sufferer who said: ‘When you’ve spent 40 years being able to converse easily and then one goes deaf, it’s very difficult to adjust.’

Another said: ‘My husband sometimes gets annoyed because he has to keep repeating.’

Hearing loss impacts on everyday life, from someone being unable to hear the doorbell or phone to needing the TV or radio blaring.

One said: ‘When it [the TV] gets up too high, it aggravates me. I don’t get any pleasure out of it.’

Read more: dailymail

Being overweight makes your heart larger and heavier – study

Being overweight makes your heart larger and heavier, raising the risk of suffering a heart attack or stroke.

The first study of its kind in healthy people has found putting on weight can add up to eight grams to the heart, and increase its volume by almost five per cent.

A bigger, heavier heart raises the risk of conditions from an irregular heartbeat to a heart attack, and the organ should in fact grow smaller with age.

Researchers at Queen Mary University of London and the University of Oxford examined MRI scans for 4,561 people from the UK Biobank database.

They found an increase of 4.3 in BMI, which could take someone from a healthy weight to the brink of obesity, made their heart substantially heavier.

It matters because a larger heart stretches its upper chambers, disrupting the electrical signal needed to keep it beating regularly.

While people have long known they risk heart disease from overeating because it hikes their cholesterol and blood pressure, this is the first evidence of changes to the structure of the heart itself.

Professor Steffen Petersen, lead author at QMUL, said: ‘We all know that our lifestyle has a big impact on our heart health – particularly if we’re overweight or obese. But researchers haven’t fully understood how exactly the two things are linked.

‘With this research, we’ve helped to show how an unhealthy lifestyle increases your risk of heart disease.’

Soaring rates of irregular heartbeats 

The results suggest Britain’s obesity crisis may be contributing to soaring rates of atrial fibrillation – or irregular heartbeat.

This raises people’s risk of stroke, because the atria, which are the two upper chambers of the four chambers in the heart, fail to pump properly.

Professor Petersen said: ‘We believe the increase in the left atrium’s size stretches it so that it does not play its part in conducting an electrical impulse from the sinus node, the pacemaker of the heart, to the node which causes the heart to beat.’

The researchers looked at a number of lifestyle factors which could affect the heart’s size, which were blood pressure, smoking, exercise, cholesterol, alcohol intake, diabetes and people’s weight, measured using BMI.

The structure of the heart 

Body weight had the biggest consistent impact on the structure of the heart, according to the study published in the journal PLoS One.

A BMI increase of 4.3 increased the weight of the left side of the heart by 8.3 per cent, which was calculated using measurements of the heart muscle taken from the patient scans.

This weight bracket would include people who go from a healthy BMI of 25 to one of 29.3, which is in the overweight category and close to the obesity threshold of 30.

Men in this group would add around eight grams to their heart, which weighs an average of 64 to 141 grams, as a result.

Women, whose heart weighs up to 93 grams on average would see theirs increase by around six grams. The volume increase was estimated at around 8ml for men and about 6.5ml for women.

The research was funded by the British Heart Foundation, whose medical director Professor Sir Nilesh Samani said: ‘This research shows the silent impact of being overweight and having high blood pressure on the structure and function of the heart, which over time may lead to heart disease and heart failure.

‘The important message is that these are things we have the power to change before they result in irreversible heart damage.’

Avoidable lifestyle factors 

It is estimated more than a quarter of the risk of having a heart attack comes from avoidable lifestyle factors looked at in the study.

Professor Francesco Cappuccio, professor of cardiovascular medicine and epidemiology at the University of Warwick and President of the British & Irish Hypertension Society, said the study under-represented ethnic minorities and smokers.

She added: ‘Despite these inherent limitations, this is an important study that reinforces the concept that the prevention and control of hypertension, high cholesterol and diabetes remain the most important modifiable factors for the prevention of heart damage.’

Read more: dailymail

Do you need more zinc?

Zinc is not called the beauty vitamin for nothing.

It’s second only to iron as the most abundantly found mineral in the human body and among its key functions are keeping skin, hair, teeth and nails healthy, not to mention the functioning of our libidos and immune systems.

‘Zinc is required for the activity of over 300 body enzymes, and these enzymes help to bring about biochemical reactions in the body that are essential to protein synthesis, hormone production, as well overall radiance and wellbeing,’ says public health nutritionist Emma Derbyshire.

Despite the importance of zinc, many of us could be deficient she says.

A recent survey of women of childbearing age in 14 countries found that over one in five had low zinc levels and, according to the World Health Organisation, some 31 per cent of people globally are deficient in zinc.


Who’s at risk of deficiency?

‘Strict vegetarians and vegans may be at risk of zinc deficiency due to them typically having high levels of phytic acid in their diets which can reduce zinc absorption,’ says Derbyshire. ‘Phytates are found in foods such as wholewheat, legumes and whole grains’.

Other people at risk could be those who drink lots of alcohol because it inhibits the body’s absorption of zinc. According to Gill Jenkins, a London NHS GP, ‘you might also have a deficiency if you have a condition that sheds a lot of skin such as eczema and psoriasis because they lead to increased cellular turnover that can result in a deficiency.’

Those most at risk though, says Derbyshire are those who try and avoid red meat. ‘As red meat is one of the richest sources of bioavailable zinc in our diets, vegetarians and vegans can be at high risk of deficiency as meat alternatives contain much less zinc.’

A recent study published in the journal Nutrients revealed that women who eat less than 40 grams of red meat daily were four times more likely to have intakes that could lead to a deficiency compared to those that ate around 70 grams of red meat a day.

In fact, ‘according to the National Diet and Nutrition Survey, one in five British children and 5 percent of adults have intakes which fall below those needed for good health,’ says dietitian Carrie Ruxton.

‘Signs of low zinc status include a weakened immune system, more colds and poor wound healing, tiredness, and low sex drive’.

However, other key zinc deficiency symptoms, such as those explained below, may be staring back at you every time you look in the mirror:

1. You’re losing your hair

‘Along with recurrent infections, hair loss is probably one of the key symptoms we think about when we think about zinc deficiency,’ says Dr Jenkins.

Zinc is essential to good cellular replication and protein absorption and these functions are essential to thick, glossy hair.

‘Most GPs wouldn’t do zinc level testing though,’ she explains. ‘Instead, we would advise people to either take a multivitamin or increase their dietary source, or both.’

A 2013 study in the Annals of Dermatology on 312 people with hair loss found that all had lower zinc concentrations in their blood than those in a control group.

The good news? A 2009 study in the same journal found that supplementing with zinc daily for 12 weeks was enough for 66% of the patients in the trial to see an improvement.

Vitabiotics Perfectil Triple Active £19.99 from Boots provides good zinc supplementation.

2. You have brittle nails with white spots on them

White spots on the nails – sometimes called Beau’s lines – are one of the key giveaways of zinc deficiency, says Emma Derbyshire.

Your nails may be slow-growing, brittle and easily cracked too, she explains. This is because a steady level of zinc in the body is needed for the growth of tissue and cells in the nails and when this is lacking, general nail problems can occur, which at its worst, can manifest as white spots.

The good news? Start eating a diet rich in zinc and your nails may be the first thing to show signs of improvement.

3. Your teeth aren’t exactly sparkling

Zinc is essential to healthy teeth and ‘If you have low zinc levels, you aren’t going to have nice shiny white teeth, they may instead be easily cracked and not very strong,’ says Dr Jenkins. To find out why, Healthista spoke to James Goolnik, a dentist at Bow Lane Dental Group, London.

‘Zinc is an essential element and in the mouth and is present naturally in plaque, saliva and enamel,’ says Goolnik.

‘If someone was deficient they might notice an odour sensitivity, altered taste, white tongue coating and perhaps be more likely to develop mouth ulcers [see below] plus inflamed gums – these are most common if people are deficient in zinc from their diets’.

4. You have mouth ulcers

A lack of zinc in the diet can also cause recurrent mouth ulcers, Goolnik says. A 2014 study in the The Journal of Laryngology & Otology found low zinc levels could increase the risk of oral ulceration and patients who showed low levels of zinc in their blood stream often had recurrent attacks of ulcers.

In fact, some studies have found that supplementing with zinc could decrease inflammation in the mouth from ulcers that might also be related to cold sores.


Almonds, toasted – 3.3 mg/100g

Butter beans – 0.9 mg/100g

Chicken breast – 1.1 mg/100g

Cheddar cheese – 4.1 mg/100g

Turkey meat, roasted – 2.5 mg/100g

Tofu, steamed – 0.7 mg/100g

Sardines, grilled – 0.9 mg/100g

Salmon, grilled – 0.6 mg/100g

Brown rice, cooked – 0.9 mg/100g

Nut roast – 1.6 mg/100g

Chicken egg, boiled – 1.3 mg/100g

Bean burger – 1.7 mg/100g


Beef braising steak, lean – 9.5 mg/100g

Beef fillet steak, lean – 5.4 mg/100g

Beef flank, pot roasted – 6.9 mg/100g

Beef mince, stewed – 5.0 mg/100g

Beef sirloin, lean – 5.7 mg/100g

Beef, pressure cooked – 9.5 mg/100g

Beef sausages, grilled – 2.6 mg/100g

Pork sausages, grilled – 1.4 mg/100g

Lamb breast, roasted – 5.1 mg/100g

Pork loin chop, roasted – 2.9 mg/100g

Veal mince, stewed – 3.9 mg/100g

Bacon rasher, grilled – 2.2 mg/100g

5. You have spots or other skin issues

‘There is a theory that those that get acne may be deficient in zinc and some treatments and antibiotics for acne often contain zinc,’ says Dr Jenkins.

Staggeringly, one study in the Journal of the Turkish Academy of Dermatology 54 percent of those with acne had low zinc levels.

‘People with zinc deficiency may also present with generally scabby skin that shows sores and marks that don’t heal or take time to heal as zinc is essential to wound healing,’ Dr Jenkins explains.

6. Your bones are weak

Everyone talks about calcium for bones, but zinc is an essential mineral required for bone growth and formation, says Dr Jenkins, thanks to its function in cellular growth and development as well as the collagen turnover needed to make healthy bone.

Children of vegetarians or vegans on very strict diets can often become deficient in this mineral which can be a problem in the development of their bones through childhood and teenage years.

Obviously, you won’t know the state of your bones but you can ask your GP for a DEXA scan which measures bone density (most NHS GPs won’t measure zinc levels in the blood unless they’re convinced of serious deficiency).

Getting your daily zinc needs

Our bodies don’t store zinc so we have to get it from food and if you’re vegan, vegetarian or don’t eat much red meat, you may be deficient.

‘Red meat such as beef, pork and lamb are among the best sources because the zinc in these foods is highly bioavailable – that means our bodies can more easily absorb it compared to other sources,’ says Carrie Ruxton. ‘Experts recommend that we eat up to 500 grams of cooked red meat a week,’ she says. 70 grams a day or 100 grams five times a week is a good guide.

Slow cooked red meat has an even higher zinc content than meats cooked in other ways, says Emma Derbyshire. ‘Additionally, new evidence suggests drinking milk may help the zinc absorption from high phytate foods such as lentils and grains,’ she says. Great tip for vegetarians and vegans.

Whether you’re a red meat eater or not, you don’t need much of the right type of zinc-rich food to get the 7mg you need a day for health. Check out the table below to see exactly how much zinc you get from every day foods.

This article was originally published by Healthista

Read more: dailymail

Men with obese wives are at greater risk of diabetes… but fat husbands don’t have the same effect

Women who love their food could pose a risk to their husband’s health, research suggests.

Middle-aged men with obese wives are significantly more likely to develop type two diabetes than those with slimmer partners, scientists discovered.

A study of more than 3,500 couples reveals a direct correlation between the weight of a woman and her husband’s health.

The reverse is not true however, with overweight husbands having no impact on their wives’ chance of developing the condition.

A study of more than 3,500 couples reveals a direct correlation between the weight of a woman and her husband¿s health (stock image)

Scientists interviewed English couples over the age of 50 every two and a half years, between 1998 and 2015, tracking their weight and health for around 11 years.

They found that each woman’s weight at the beginning of the study was a strong predictor of her husband’s chances of developing type two diabetes, irrespective of his own weight.

For every five additional points a woman scored on the body mass index scale, her husband was 21 per cent more likely to develop type two diabetes, regardless of his weight to begin with.

Scientists suspect shared lifestyle such as poor diet and lack of exercise is to blame, with obese women influencing their husband’s eating and activity patterns.

But the fact men do not impact their wives’ health suggest women have a much bigger influence on their husband’s lifestyle than men do on their wives.

This may be because women are more likely to cook their husbands’ meals, although experts stress the people assessed were middle-aged couples, so the same may not be true of younger groups.

Others said women may simply be more conscious of their appearance – making them more resistant to following their husbands’ lead.

Presenting their results to the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Portugal, the Danish researchers said men with overweight wives should be screened for diabetes. Led by Adam Hulman of Aarhus University, they said: ‘This is the first study investigating the sex-specific effect of spousal obesity on diabetes risk.

More than 3.5million people in the UK are thought to have type two diabetes

‘Recognising shared risk between spouses may improve diabetes detection and motivate couples to increase collaborative efforts to eat more healthily and boost their activity levels.

‘Obesity or type two diabetes in one spouse may serve as a prompt for diabetes screening and regular weight checks in the other.’

Read more: dailymail

Wearing heavy earings can stretch your earlobes out of shape – cosmestic surgeons

It’s a fashion that more and more celebrities are getting the hang of.

But now women’s obsession with huge, chunky earrings has helped fuel a new cosmetic surgery procedure – the ‘lobe job’.

Demand for the so-called ‘eartox’ – a procedure in which the lobes are ‘re-plumped’ using injectable fillers – is rapidly increasing across the country, say surgeons.

And it is the growing popularity of giant ‘statement’ earrings that is partly to blame.

The fashion for heavy metal hoops, jewels and gem-encrusted orbs can be seen everywhere from the catwalk to the high street.

But cosmetic surgeons warn that wearing heavy earrings can stretch earlobes out of shape and, in the worst cases, lead to them splitting.

Women have always found their earlobes becoming saggy as their skin loses its elasticity, but weighty jewellery means that women aged only in their 30s and 40s are now experiencing pendulous lobes.

‘The skin on the ears suffers the same fate as the skin on the face as we age,’ said aesthetic doctor Mica Engel, director of the Cosmetica London clinic.

‘Drooping ears are seen as one of ageing’s big giveaways,’ she added. ‘But wearing heavy earrings or having multiple piercings on the lobe speeds up this process.

‘Ears become saggy and lose collagen and elasticity much earlier. We can use filler to add structure and support back into the ear.’

Using a small needle similar to the type used to administer Botox, cosmetic doctors create a ‘bubble’ of filler under the skin of the earlobe to plump it up and make it more rounded.

Splitting opinion: Close-up of a split earlobe in a 70 year old female patient. Demand for the so-called ¿eartox¿ ¿ a procedure in which the lobes are ¿re-plumped¿ using injectable fillers ¿ is rapidly increasing across the country, say surgeons

The procedure takes a few minutes and is relatively pain-free, requiring only the application of a numbing cream immediately beforehand.

‘It needs maybe two or three injections in one sitting, but the results last over a year,’ said Dr Engel. ‘People who have the procedure can wear earrings again almost as soon as they want to.’

Another practitioner of the ‘lobe job’ procedure is Dr Jonquille Chantrey, a lecturer in aesthetic medicine, who has a clinic in Alderley Edge, Cheshire.

She said: ‘It’s becoming an increasingly popular treatment. Ladies who have worn earrings for years are also seeking to improve the appearance of their earlobes so they can wear earrings for longer.

‘These injections help to shorten and plump the earlobe again, restoring a youthful look. It also helps to prevent ears getting so damaged that they split and need surgery.’ Caroline Hill, 42, from Sussex, underwent the procedure after a decade of wearing heavy earrings.

She said: ‘I’ve loved statement earrings for about ten years and my mother used to say “Don’t wear those big earrings every day, give your ears a rest”, but I didn’t listen.

‘I didn’t notice they were stretching and thinned out until recently when I’ve seen how different mine look compared to friends’ ears.’

Read more: dailymail.

Firefighters rescue woman who got stuck in a window frame trying to retrieve her own poo she’d thrown out of it when she blocked the toilet

A woman had to be rescued by firefighters after getting stuck in a window while trying to retrieve her own excrement – all while at the home of a Tinder date.

The self-proclaimed amateur gymnast had been for a romantic meal at Nando’s with student Liam Smyth, 24, before they went back to his place in Bristol for a nightcap.

But a bizarre chain of events unfolded after she went to the toilet and blocked the pan.

In panic, she picked up the stool and threw it out the window – but it fell down into a narrow gap between two window panes.

She had no choice but to confess to Smyth, who bravely helped lower her out of the bathroom window into the gap between the houses in an attempt to retrieve it – which is when she got stuck.

The unnamed girl had been for a romantic Tinder date at a Nando's in Bristol with Liam Smyth, 24, before she got stuck in the student's bathroom window while trying to retrieve her own poo

After getting wedged upside down in the gap, she had to be rescued by firefighters who were called to Smyth’s house in Bristol.

He has now launched a GoFundMe page to replace the broken window – which raised £300 in the first three hours.

Recounting the hilarious story, Smyth – a postgraduate studying sociology at Bristol University – said: ‘I recently took a girl I met on tinder to Nandos. We had a lovely evening, and enjoyed each other’s company very much.

‘After our meal, we repaired back to my house for a bottle of wine and a scientology documentary. About an hour in to Louis Theroux and chill, my date got up to use the toilet.

‘She returned with a panicked look in her eye, and told me she had something to tell me. “I went for a poo in your toilet”, she told me, and it would not flush.

‘She continued, “I don’t know why I did this, but I panicked. I reached into the toilet bowl, wrapped it in tissue paper, and threw it out of the window”.’

Smyth said that he told his date that they would go out to the garden, retrieve the poo and ‘pretend the whole sorry affair had never happened’ – but then he realised the bathroom window doesn’t open to the garden.

Firefighters were called when she became stuck between in the gap trying to retrieve the excrement   The bizarre chain of events started when the woman went to the toilet and blocked the pan. In panic, she picked up the stool and threw it out the window

Smyth wrote on his GoFundMe: ‘Instead, it opens into a narrow gap of about a foot and a half, separated from the outside world by another (non-opening) double glazed window. It was into this twilight zone that my date had thrown her poo.

‘As can be seen in the picture, the inside window opens at the top, into the gap that is separated from the garden by a non-opening double-glazed window pane.

‘Seeing only one solution, I messaged our house group-chat, and went upstairs to find a hammer and chisel to smash open the window.’

But Smyth said his date had other ideas.

‘Being an amateur gymnast, she was convinced that she could reach into the window and pull the poo out, using the tried and tested “inside out bag as glove” technique.

‘Unfortunately she couldn’t reach. She climbed further in and had the same problem. Eventually I agreed to give her a boost up and into the window.

‘She climbed in head first after her own turd, reached deeper into the window, bagged it up, and passed it out, over the top and back into the toilet from whence it came.

‘She called out to me to help her climb out from the window, I grabbed her waist and I pulled. But she was stuck. Stuck fast.’

Smyth said that they tried to get her out of the window, but after several attempts, it was time to call the fire department for a little help.

He wrote: ‘She had been upside down in the window for around 15 minutes at this point, and I was starting to grow concerned for her health. I called the fire brigade.

‘Bristol’s finest were on scene sirens blaring in a matter of minutes.

‘Once they had composed themselves after surveying the scene in front of them, they set to work removing my date from the window using all of their special firemen hammers and tools.

The rescue took only 15 minutes, and left Smyth’s date unharmed, but as for his bathroom window – it was completely destroyed by the firefighters’ tools.

Smyth wrote: ‘I’m not complaining, they did what they had to do. Problem is, I’ve been quoted north of £300 to replace the window.

‘As a postgraduate student, that is a significant chunk of my monthly budget (in fact, that is my monthly budget).’

Smyth shared a photo of the window to show how small the gap where the woman got stuck truly is

Smyth has turned to the internet for help to raise £300 to repair his broken window – a target which has now been exceeded.

He said: ‘If the window is not replaced my landlord may well kill me, so you would be literally helping to save a life.’

Now that the GoFundMe has raised far more than the £300 requested, he announced all remaining funds after his window is fixed will be split between two charities.

The first is Toilet Twinning, a charity that builds and maintains flushing toilets in the developing world.

The second is the Fire Fighters Charity because ‘the guys who came to the house were brilliant, took everything in good humour, and professional’.

After the story went viral, director Louis Theroux, who Smyth says they were watching a documentary from when the event occurred, tweeted: ‘Honoured to be part of this important story.’

Avon Fire and Rescue service confirmed they received a call on August 7 to Smyth’s address.

A Fire service spokesman said: ‘We received a call at 22:41 to one female trapped between interior and exterior glass.

‘Two crews were sent from Temple station and she was rescued using hand tools.’

The crew later tweeted, ‘An eventful evening for Temple fire crews’, while sharing a link to Smyth’s GoFundMe page.

Smyth said that despite his date’s awkward ending he did see the woman again.

‘We did go and meet for a drink to discuss setting up the crowdfunder,’ he said.

‘She’s a lovely girl – I’m not sure what’s going to happen – I’m really busy with my dissertation at the moment but I’d certainly be open to seeing her again.’

Read more: dailymail

The VERY simple trick that will get rid of nasty fridge smells for good

Fridges can smell badly if we don’t clean them out often enough.

But sometimes even a thorough wipe-down isn’t enough to banish the bad smell entirely.

A handy household hack though guarantees to get rid of disgusting odours from your appliance for good.

And all you need is a very common and cheap item that everyone has lurking in the back of their cupboards somewhere.

Fridges are designed to be stocked full of food so naturally they can smell quite bad once food starts to go off and dirt builds up

Fridges are designed to be stocked full of food so naturally they can smell quite bad once food starts to go off and dirt builds up

Bicarbonate of soda is the secret to an odour-free fridge, according to cleaning experts at Good Housekeeping Institute.

If the fridge is starting to smell, the cleaning gurus recommend wiping down the shelves with a solution of 15ml (or 1 tbsp) bicarbonate of soda to 1 litre of warm water.

A sterilising fluid would also work.

However to keep smells at bay forever, there’s another trick that uses the common household item.

Fridges need cleaning regularly with either a sterilising spray or a solution of bicarbonate of soda

Simply leave an open container of bicarbonate of soda inside the fridge – ideally somewhere where your family won’t accidentally eat it.

It will last for three months, so it may be a good idea to date the container so you know when to replace it.

The best way to prevent your fridge from smelling however is simply to clean it often by wiping down all surfaces with a damp cloth before drying with a dry cloth.

The outside can be cleaned with a solution of washing up liquid – but just use a damp cloth on any metal parts.

Read more: dailymail

You’ve been doing it wrong! The best way to slice a loaf of bread revealed (and it’s the method that restaurants and bakeries use)

Slicing a loaf of bread doesn’t require much skill: you just pick up a knife and get cutting.

But a restaurant worker has revealed how we’ve all been slicing our loaves in the wrong way.

New Yorker Sarah Jampel, who says she works in a restaurant two days a week, has said that you can produce more consistent slices if you cut a loaf on its side rather than from the top down.

Unconventional: New Yorker Sarah Jampel revealed on Food 52 that she cuts bread on its side when slicing loaves at a restaurant where she works

Unconventional: New Yorker Sarah Jampel revealed on Food 52 that she cuts bread on its side when slicing loaves at a restaurant where she works

Sarah, who shared the advice on website Food 52, says she never cuts bread from the top down, with the bread resting on its bottom, and flattest, side.

Instead, she stands the bread on its side, scores it with a ruler and then slices using clean sawing motions.

The method requires a steady hand – the one that’s not wielding the knife – to hold the bread in place as the loaf is no longer resting on its flattest, and most stable, side.

It can be particularly tricky if you are cutting loaves of sourdough, or long loaves, as the sides are often narrower than the thick top and bottom.

However Sarah says cutting the bread in this way will preserve the loaf’s shape and also produce more consistent slices.

She says many restaurants and bakeries cut their loaves in this way.

The technique works particularly well for airy or filled loaves, which have a tendency to squash when cutting.

She says slicing using her side-on method means that these loaves won’t squash.

The method also works well on tough, crusty bread, which normally requires a lot of pressure in order to cut through the tough top layer, she states.

Cutting these loaves on their side means there is less of the tough crust to saw through, she says.

Sarah wrote: ‘At the restaurant where I work a couple days of the week, I slice two-foot-long loaves of gluten-free bread into 1/2-inch-thick slices.

‘The best way to get consistent slices and preserve the shape of the loaf, which has a tendency to crumble, is to turn the bread on its side.’

Read more: dailymail

Mother throws daughter off four-storey apartment building TWICE to make sure she is dead

A seven-year-old girl died after her mother allegedly threw her from a fourth floor terrace.

Authorities believe it was the second time Aishika Sarkar had been thrown from the building by her mother, Swathi Sarkar.

Angry locals grabbed Sarkar and tied her to a lamp post with electricity cable in Jaraganahalli, in Bangalore

A mob chased Sarkar and tied her to a lamp post with electrical cable until police arrived 

Witnesses claimed Sarkar threw her daughter from the balcony a second time 

She was later arrested by police on suspicion of her daughter’s murder.

According to police, Aishika suffered from speech development issues and was not enrolled in a school.

Her parents lived in separate houses after breaking up and her father travelled to the home once a month to give money to Mrs Sarkar.

Police suspect the mother was suffering from mental health issues.

Her estranged husband, Kanchan Sarkar, also claimed that she would regularly fly into a rage.

The girl reportedly died instantly after being allegedly thrown from the terrace.

Neighbours claimed they saw Sarkar carrying her bleeding child upstairs before throwing her down again.

One witness said the child was bleeding and clearly in pain when Swathi ran back upstairs and allegedly tossed her over the side for a second time which killed her 

She tried to flee the scene and was caught by neighbours who tied her to the lamppost while they waited for police.

One witness said: ‘I was sleeping when I heard a huge noise around 3.30pm, and I ran out to see what had happened.

‘I noticed Swathi, clad in a nightie, holding her daughter who was bleeding profusely.

‘The child was crying and writhing in pain. I asked Swathi what had happened.

‘She shouted at me and ran towards the terrace and threw the girl to the ground.’

Mrs Sarkar was interrogated at a police station where she was arrested.

She reportedly told police that her child was mentally unstable and that after killing her she planned to take her own life.

Read more: dailymail

Woman shares a picture of her pedicure and everyone is horrified

There’s nothing as exciting for a woman as going to a nail spa and getting your manicure and pedicure.

We tend to always go ahead and flaunt the cute nails on social media, waiting anxiously for our followers to respond with nice comments.

Well this was not the case for one woman who shared a photo of her pedicure. She was probably feeling really nice and was expecting everyone to share in her joy. But nooo….the internet had no chills.

Check out the not so nice responses after she flaunted her pedicure.

Roshni Sedani Aarti chapati feet

Mary Mueni George Sampoli come see your girlfriend ametoka pedicure

Mary Mueni George Sampoli come see your girlfriend ametoka pedicure

Martin Ratanya Those toes looks so much adaptable to climbing and sometimes holding…

shocked meme

Monique Shiks Big feet’s twin(the x-men gorrilla like guy)..Rip english…lol

Eva Mwakio Wambuu The lady looks tall i find the toes pretty whats wrong with them😂😂😂 but nimebaki hapo kwa kuslap floor watu mna mambo

Yusuf Sikamoi This one is for Gorilla,monkey and monsters is not for human being unless homohabilis and homosapiens

shocked meme 1

Vivian Asingwa Are they fingers or toes ni swali tu

Wilson Kingori Lol.bigfoot

Grycee Wambui can we get a full shot of the foot itself? wah!

Ngk Mac hehehe she slaps,but looks nice

what in the hell meme