Shock as woman discovers hubby had another family after infecting her with HIV

 A lady by the name of Beatrice, shocked many when she called in on one of the popular local stations and revealed that her hubby infected her with HIV virus and later realized that he was a liar who had another family.

She said that after all that, the two separated and her hubby, Pius, had since refused to take care of his two-year-old kid.

“What have you decided regarding our kid? You have since blocked me even after taking my phone, so I need to know what your plans are.” a dejected Beatrice said challenging her ex hubby.

“I do not want to speak to this lady, first of all she diverted my phone calls and posted annoying things regarding my health status on social media.” Pius defended himself.

Branding himself as ‘responsible’, he added that he has been supporting the child they sired together despite Beatrice’s disrespectful acts of exposing his life in public domain.

An agitated Pius, went ahead to caution his ex wife that he has already taken action against her and that Beatrice’s phone is already with the CID and that she should expect to be arrested soon, before hanging up.

Beatrice later on confessed that she posted about Pius’ HIV status on Facebook saying she did that out of bitterness and frustrations.

Yes I know he is mad that I exposed him on social media but will he reverse what he did to me? I do not know whom to talk to because sometimes I do want to talk but I have no one to turn to.

Woman who couldn’t use a condom because she was allergic to latex recalls moment she contracted HIV

Cath Smith can vividly recall the moment she found out she had contracted HIV – eight months after having sex with a man who carried the disease.

‘My first thought was, ‘”I’m going to die”,’ she told FEMAIL about the moment she was diagnosed with a disease she associated with suffering and the rapid onset of AIDS.

‘Then I thought I was going to look like an AIDS victim – and then I realised ‘oh no, I haven’t even had the chance to have children yet’.’

But having now lived with the virus for more than a decade, the 47-year-old from rural Victoria retains the energy and drive to spearhead a campaign to prevent other women experiencing the same fate.

The reality of living with HIV today was nothing like the early years of the disease, when it rapidly led to AIDS and a harrowing death.

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It was the time of famous Grim Reaper TV advertisements which did a good job of making Australians aware of the seriousness of the disease but which reinforced the long-lasting impression that HIV meant imminent death.

‘For nearly 40 years we have lived with HIV stigma and despite that for over two decades, HIV treatments have been effective in suppressing the virus,’ she said.

Cath takes just one pill each day which ensures she has ‘zero chance’ of passing on HIV.

However, the updated medications are not without their drawbacks.

‘We don’t know what the long term side-effects of the medications are going to be, because no one has been on them long enough,’ Cath said.

Another significant improvement in the fight against HIV and AIDS has been a decline in the number of gay and bisexual men – who make up the majority of cases – contracting the disease.

The rate of infections in that demographic fell by 11 per cent over the past decade but the number of heterosexual people with the virus remains stubbornly unchanged.

-Dailymail

Usipake mate tena! Scientists find a way of creating self lubricating condoms which become slippery on contact

Scientists say they have found a way to make self-lubricating latex condoms that become slippery on contact hence boosting lubrication during intercourse.

A team lead by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation stated that the condom is self lubricating thanks to a special durable coating that should last throughout se3ual intercourse.

They hope it will make condoms more appealing to use and thereby prevent se3ually transmitted infections (STIs) as well as unwanted pregnancies.

Without enough lubrication, s3x can be painful and condoms may split or slip,When used correctly, condoms are a highly effective contraceptive, but not everyone likes them.

‘There may have been collusion’ KAA officer sheds light into the mystery of the missing cash Monica Kimani had before its ‘disappearance’

happy-black-couple

 

They are often already lubricated to make them easier to use, but sometimes this might not be enough for comfort.

People can add lubricant, but this can be messy and may need several applications, interrupting s3x.

Researchers say the self-lubricating condom, which becomes really slippery once it comes into contact with body fluid, should get round this.

It could withstand intercourse involving at least 1,000 thrusts without losing its slipperiness, the Royal Society Open Science journal reports.

Rafiki wa kufa kupona! Photo of Moses Kuria in court during Jacque Maribe’s mention over murder case

According to the researchers, intercourse typically lasts half that time, but some sessions are longer.

When tested for comparison, regular condoms coated with a shop-bought, water-based liquid lubricant were more slippery initially, but became less so after around 600 thrusts.

A group of volunteers were also asked to touch and rate both condoms, in terms of slip and slide.

 Most of the 33 men and women rated the self-lubricating one more highly.

Researcher Prof Mark Grinstaff, from Boston University, said: “It feels a bit slimy when you handle it dry, but in the presence of water or natural fluids it becomes really slick. You only need a little bit of fluid to activate it.”

condoms

The researchers say more tests are needed to compare how well the self-lubricating condom performs against other brands of condoms in real-life settings.

Clinical trials with couples could begin early next year, says Prof Grinstaff.

A spin-off company from the university is now planning to develop a product for the commercial market, subject to regulatory approval.

Dr Nicola Irwin, from Queen’s University, Belfast, is an expert in healthcare materials and technology. She said similar “hydrophilic” coatings have been used in urinary catheters to improve comfort.

“These coated catheters are, in general, associated with a greater degree of user acceptability than the alterative uncoated and gel-lubricated devices. This user preference is mainly due to the reduced levels of discomfort upon insertion, together with the ease of handling and convenience of ‘ready-to-use’ hydrophilic-coated catheters.

It may be expected that the newly developed hydrophilic-coated condoms could afford similar benefits, but we need more trials.”

Meanwhile, researchers at the University of Wollongong, Australia, have been working on making a self-lubricating condom out of tough hydrogels rather than latex or rubber, that feel more like real skin.

Bekki Burbidge, from the se3ual health charity FPA, said:

“We welcome new innovations to encourage condom use. Condoms are the only method of contraception that also help to protect against STIs, so it’s important that people feel confident and comfortable using them.

Lubrication can make s3x more comfortable and enjoyable so we encourage people to try out different water-based lubricants as well as different sizes, shapes and textures of condoms to find out what suits them and enhances their se3ual pleasure.”

It could withstand intercourse involving at least 1,000 thrusts without losing its slipperiness, the Royal Society Open Science journal reports.

According to the researchers, intercourse typically lasts half that time, but some sessions are longer.

When tested for comparison, regular condoms coated with a shop-bought, water-based liquid lubricant were more slippery initially, but became less so after around 600 thrusts.

‘I panicked and ran back into my bedroom’ Jacque Maribe narrates how Jowie came home soaked in blood

A group of volunteers were also asked to touch and rate both condoms, in terms of slip and slide, Most of the 33 men and women rated the self-lubricating one more highly.

Researcher Prof Mark Grinstaff, from Boston University, said: “It feels a bit slimy when you handle it dry, but in the presence of water or natural fluids it becomes really slick. You only need a little bit of fluid to activate it.”

The researchers say more tests are needed to compare how well the self-lubricating condom performs against other brands of condoms in real-life settings.

Clinical trials with couples could begin early next year, says Prof Grinstaff.

A spin-off company from the university is now planning to develop a product for the commercial market, subject to regulatory approval.

man-woman-bed-120629

Dr Nicola Irwin, from Queen’s University, Belfast, is an expert in healthcare materials and technology. She said similar “hydrophilic” coatings have been used in urinary catheters to improve comfort.

“These coated catheters are, in general, associated with a greater degree of user acceptability than the alterative uncoated and gel-lubricated devices. This user preference is mainly due to the reduced levels of discomfort upon insertion, together with the ease of handling and convenience of ‘ready-to-use’ hydrophilic-coated catheters.

“It may be expected that the newly developed hydrophilic-coated condoms could afford similar benefits, but we need more trials.”

Meanwhile, researchers at the University of Wollongong, Australia, have been working on making a self-lubricating condom out of tough hydrogels rather than latex or rubber, that feel more like real skin.

Here are the reasons why Jacque Maribe and Jowie might be denied bail

Bekki Burbidge, from the sexual health charity FPA, said

“We welcome new innovations to encourage condom use. Condoms are the only method of contraception that also help to protect against STIs, so it’s important that people feel confident and comfortable using them.

Lubrication can make sex more comfortable and enjoyable so we encourage people to try out different water-based lubricants as well as different sizes, shapes and textures of condoms to find out what suits them and enhances their s3xual pleasure.”

Read more

First ever HIV immunotherapy drug proves safe in phase 1 trial – paving the way to a cure

Scientists hoping to cure HIV have proven that an immunotherapy drug is safe to use in humans.

The phase 1 trial is an early but significant milestone for the team at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which won a $20 million grant to make their ideas a reality.

In the last couple of years immunotherapy, which trains a person’s immune system to attack a disease, became mainstream, and is now being used to treat scores of conditions, from cancer to blindness.

However, scientists are treading lightly when it comes to HIV, because attempts in the last 20 years to cure the virus with bone marrow transplants (another mainstream treatment which replaces a person’s immune system with that of a donor) have proved fatal in all but one person.

For the first time, in a study published today by the journal Cell Reports, the North Carolina team has confirmed their hopes: that immunotherapy could be administered to HIV positive patients without a realistic risk of death – and many are tipping it as proof that this could be it.

‘We think that we will be able to replicate the results of the Berlin patient [the only person ever cured of HIV], but that will take a while, on a step-by-step trajectory,’ Dr David Margolis, co-senior author of the new paper.

THE ONLY CURE THAT EVER WORKED – AND WHY IT NEVER WORKED AGAIN

The only person ever cured of HIV is an American man called Timothy Brown, widely known as ‘the Berlin patient’ because he was cured in Berlin in 2007.

Brown already had HIV when he was diagnosed with leukemia, a disease of the bone marrow which can be treated with a bone marrow transplant.

Bone marrow transplants are usually the last resort because there is a significant risk of death, by triggering a war between the person’s original immune system and the new implanted one.

But Brown didn’t have many other options. Once he agreed, his doctor suggested trying to select a donor who had genes known to be resistant to HIV. At the time it was more of an attempt to protect him, rather than cure him.

Not only did Brown survive the operation, and survive free of leukemia, he also had no trace of the human immunodeficiency virus.

The news rocked the medical community, with speculation that this could be the end of HIV/AIDS.

However, attempts to replicate it were devastating.

A report published by the New England Journal of Medicine in 2014 described six attempts to treat HIV patients with a stem cell donation, but none lived longer than a year.

-Dailymail

‘My best friend’s lover infected me with HIV’, confesses Kenyan journalist Evelyn Simaloi

Evelyn Simaloi has been living with HIV since 1999.

The Kenyan journalist, who is never shy of telling her story, in a recent interview with the Nairobian narrated her journey living with HIV/AIDs and wow! you will be amazed by her story.

But how did she get HIV yet she was born negative?

“A man I was living with infected me. I was introduced to him by my best friend who was dating him. I did not have anywhere to go, so she took me there to work (for him) as a house help.

I was desperate and I needed money. A few months later, he started showing interest in me and I could not say no. Before I knew it, he had broken up with my best friend.”

Wacheni umbea! Mr. Nice speaks of about HIV status

 

Evelyn-Simaloi

 

Evelyn Simaloi revealed that she went ahead to tell her best friend about sleeping with her lover, what many would never do for fear of being branded a husband snatcher.

“She told me that I would regret it, but I dismissed it as just jealousy. In retrospect, however, I suspect she must have known about his status since their baby died two weeks after birth,” she said.

The veteran journalist went ahead to narrate how she found out that she was infected and she disclosed:

“I had applied for a job at a restaurant and they required my health records. I was confident because I thought they were testing for pregnancy or drugs.

Two weeks later, when the tests came back, I was told I was positive. Actually, the doctor just told me that I had Aids and that I only had five years to live. Those days, medication was very expensive.”

What was her boyfriend’s reaction after breaking the news to him?

“He admitted to having infected me because he was in love with me. He claimed that he was afraid I would leave him,” Evelyn Simaloi said.

Pastor who uses insecticide to ‘kill’ cancer and HIV found guilty of assault

She added that:

“I left him and went to live with his cousin who introduced me to hoodrats. Everyone kept hitting on me and I became angry and bitter with men.

I would insult them and move on because I did not want to disclose my status. Unfortunately, that’s how I ended up being raped.”

Evelyn-Simaloi

Life changed for Evelyn Simaloi and she was raped one evening by someone she considered a great friend.

“One evening, I was very high and he offered to escort me home. On the way, he overpowered and raped me.”

Evelyn said that she didn’t report the matter to the police and after two weeks, she visited a gynecologist only for him to discover a decomposing rubber inside her private parts.

“I didn’t know I had been raped. I only woke up the next morning in so much pain. I went to a chemist and got an emergency pill on credit (I was too broke to afford it),” she said adding that:

“After two weeks, I fell sick and consulted my grandma who took me to a gynecologist who found some decomposing rubber inside me. She also told me that I was pregnant and recommended that I abort the baby claiming that one of us would die.”

She decided to keep the baby despite her grandmother’s advice to terminate the pregnancy.

“I decided to keep the baby. I wanted to experience motherhood before I died. Sadly, my baby used to cry a lot when he was born.

One day, I just asked God for His will to be done. Surprisingly, the baby stopped crying and even the doctors were shocked. This motivated me and I started believing in prayers, hoping I would get healed. I even started believing that I would get healed,” she explained.

At what point did you decide to get on ARVs (antiretroviral drugs)?

‘I Contracted HIV On My Wedding Night,’ City Woman Narrates Her Ordeal

“That was in 2012 after testing positive on several occasions. I even visited a herbalist in Molo hoping to get a cure.

When I told the herbalist that the drugs were not effective, he asked me to lie to people that I was healed and that in return, he’ll make me a ‘shareholder’ in his business. I refused and decided to take ARVS. Even my son said he wanted to get on ARVs.”

Evelyn Simaloi revealed that when her son was six-years-old, she disclosed to him about his status and she was shocked by his reaction.

“I exposed him to the truth when he turned six. I would leave the ARVs boxes for him to see. He would read them and one day, he demanded to know if he was sick. I told him the truth and instead of being angry, he hugged me and assured me that everything would be fine.”

Credits: The Nairobian

 

It is no longer a felony to knowingly transmit HIV to your lover or spouse

Knowingly transmitting HIV to a partner will be lowered from a felony to a misdemeanor offense in California as of January 1, 2018.

The new bill was signed into law by Governor Jerry Brown on Friday, after passing in California legislature on September 11.

Now, instead of facing up to eight years in prison, anyone convicted of knowingly transmitting HIV will server a maximum of six months behind bars.

The change is welcomed by the LGBTQ community as a step forward in the destigmatization of HIV, but opponents are concerned that the reduced sentence will increase high risk behavior and the spread of the disease.

Until now, HIV was the only sexually transmitted disease (STD) in California that carried a felony sentence for someone who knowingly transmitted the diseases. Intentionally donating blood or infecting a partner with any other STD is a misdemeanor.

The bill, SB 239 was written by Senator Scott Wiener and Assemblymember Todd Gloria. Weiner said in a statement that its passage represents ‘a major step toward treating HIV as a public health issue, instead of treating people living with HIV as criminals.’

California’s new law comes as recently developed drugs for preventing and treating HIV have significantly extended life expectancies and lowered transmission rates in the HIV-positive community.

Last month, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) officially announced that people who are on regular viral load suppression medication cannot transmit HIV to their partners, as it is maintained at undetectable levels.

Between 2010 and 2014, the rate of HIV infections fell 10 percent in the US, according to the CDC.

Assemblymember Gloria said that this legislation marks ‘an important step to update our laws to reflect the medical advances which no longer make a positive diagnosis equal to a death sentence.’

According to the Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1.1 million people in the US are living with HIV. One in seven of those are unaware of their status.

test-tubes-with-hiv-label

Between 2010 and 2014, the rate of new HIV infections fell by 10 percent.

HIV can be transmitted through blood transfusions, needle sharing, vaginal or anal sex. The risks of transmission through oral sex or other forms of bodily fluid contact are extremely low.

Recently developed drugs like pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) drastically decrease the chances of being infected by or transmitting HIV, respectively.

 The bill’s opponents said that many patients living with HIV do not take their medications consistently enough to prevent the disease’s spread, and focused on the ‘intentional’ component of the previously felony offense.

CNN reported that Senator Jeff Stone, who voted against the bill said that ‘If you don’t take your AIDS medications and you allow for some virus to duplicate and show a presence, then you are able to transmit that disease to an unknowing partner,’ on the California Senate floor.

HIV

The bill’s authors wrote in a statement that California made intentional transmission a felony offense in the 1980s and 1990s out of fear, during a time when scientific understanding of HIV was very limited.

Recent studies have found that compliance with medication schedules all but eliminates the risk of transmission of HIV. The new law is welcomed by its supporters and members of the LGBTQ community in particular.

Rick Zbur, executive director of Equality California which threw its support behind SB 239, said that ‘it is not only fair, but it’s good public health.’

‘When people are no longer penalized for knowing their status, it encourages them to come forward, get tested and get treatment. That’s good for all Californians.’

Source

‘I Contracted HIV On My Wedding Night,’ City Woman Narrates Her Ordeal

We always rise above any adversity. And Renee “LadyByrd” Burgess-Benson has been sharing her story of contracting the HIV virus from her husband on the night of their wedding at 24 years old.

Ten years later, she has moved on.

Renee posted on her Instagram: “10 years ago on this date was the first time I was exposed to his HIV. Before this date we had NEVER had unprotected sex. I was very adamant about it. Your wedding night is the time to consummate the marriage. Well my wedding night we did that but he also knowingly exposed me to his HIV.”

Ladybyrd2

She continued, “I trusted him with my life and he took my life into his own hands and chose to lie in the most explainable way! From that trip to the doctor when he said his HIV test was negative, to his mom telling me to ask him about HIV and he saying he didn’t know what she was talking about just days before the wedding, to having unprotected sex with his WIFE on our wedding night, to the doctor telling me that I WAS HIV POSITIVE, to me finding out about other women and possibly men he was sleeping with, and ALL THE WAY UP TO SENTENCING he lied! when the judge said, “we have you on a recorded conversation admitting that you had HIV since 2002″ the lies stopped! I was 24 years old on this day August 4, 2007 and on this day my body was introduced to HIV.”

Here are some reactions to her inspiring story.

nobellybutton: May God bless you and shower your with more blessings. You are strength ❤️🙏🏼

angelamitan: Oh my god your story just broke my heart deep. I’m so sorry stay strong and thank you for bringing this awareness I will keep this in mind next time I’m in a relationship to be careful not to trust a man. Stay strong sis

judifine: Awww, He ought to face the law and it’s wrath. This is deception. Dear ladybyrd, I can perceive you’re a strong woman. Please fight and live. You deserve to be happy and happiness will not elude you. #IStandWithladybyrd.

vitaduvalsfinest: Don’t let this day keep you down! From this day on I’ve seen you become a wiser and amazing person. You have encouraged others including myself how not to put ur trust in man! Thank you from the bottom of my heart.

sweetstickything: You are a brave and remarkable woman. I don’t know you personally but you are definitely an inspiration to share your story and courage with the world shows just how beautiful you truly are. I pray that beautiful things continues to happen in your life. And continue to keep your head held high and stay beautiful my sista👍🏽❤️😍

Ladybyrd1

dreamsdocomtrue: Wow ur such a beautiful person inside and out thanks for sharing your story cause these young ppl r out here thinking that nothin can happen to them cause this has to b a disease that only happens if ur sleeping around with alot of ppl ur bravely is incredible and keep pushing sister God has everything in control sweetie.

babynursemnn: Thank you so much for sharing your story. There are many women out there just like you that contracted HIV from their husbands. It’s stories and brave women like yourself, that can have a major impact on others lives. I pray that you are doing well and stable on meds. God bless you.

heartsdesire_5: I’m so sorry this happened to you. Words can’t explain how strong of a woman you are. Thank you for sharing this and opening shut eyes to how serious it is to always get tested and have your partners tested beforehand as well. Be blessed!
justgigiPrayers to you queen. You’re as strong as they come. Thank you for sharing your story
she_is_mjbGod bless you😘

ladonnawelby: God is using you to be that beacon of hope, that light in darkness!!! I lost my step father to AIDS, and could have lost my mother (who already had sickle cell). But thank God my mother was spared, and she was able to continue to raise my brother and I. My husband left me (after 10yrs of marriage) recently, but wanted to continue to be intimate, and like a fool I was gonna go along, until my kids made me aware that he was talking to someone else. Now I don’t know if he was sleeping with her, but that was a WAKE up call. I will not put my life in jeopardy for a few minutes of pleasure. I have 3 children to raise. As married women, you should get tested every year, along with a PAP, etc. Now I’m going to invest into some toys and batteries!!!

Good News: Scientists May Be One Step Closer To Finding a Cure For HIV, According To New Research

Scientists may be one step closer to developing a cure for HIV, new research suggests.

An injection may soon be available that prevents the virus spreading and could rid sufferers of the infection, a study implies.

Researchers injected cows with HIV, all of which developed an immune response within as little as 35 days, a study found.

When the immune cells of the cows were analyzed, one, in particular, was found to bind to a key site on HIV that the virus uses to spread infection, the research adds.

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The researchers believe such immune cells could be incorporated into an injection to neutralize HIV in infected humans.

Currently, there is no cure for HIV, with patients usually being required to take lifelong medication that causes nausea, diarrhea and insomnia.

Key Findings

Researchers from multiple institutions, including Texas A&M University, injected HIV into the side of four calves.

Cows are not normally at risk of HIV, however, the researchers believe the animal’s immune system has specific features that allows it to produce antibodies when exposed to the virus.

Lead author Devin Sok from the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, said: ‘HIV is a human virus but researchers can certainly learn from immune responses across the animal kingdom.’

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Results revealed that all of the calves developed immune cells, known as antibodies, to HIV 35-to-50 days after receiving two injections.

The researchers analyzed the antibodies and found that one in particular binds to a key site on HIV that the virus uses to infect cells.

Such antibodies could be incorporated into a vaccine to neutralize HIV in humans, according to the researchers.

It is unclear when such a vaccine could be available.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

-Daily Mail

MP claims Asian massage can cure HIV, brain cancer

BEWARE, SAY HIV-AIDS AND CANCER EXPERTS

Magarini MP Harrison Kombe has claimed he has a cure for HIV-Aids, brain cancer and infertility.

He said a patient diagnosed with HIV-Aids at an early stage can be cured using reflexology therapy that does not require medicine.

Medical experts warn that while reflexology, an alternative Asian treatment, may be beneficial in some conditions, they do not include HIV-Aids, brain cancer and many grave ailments.

Desperate patients are urged to see licensed physicians. Reflexology may be of auxiliary use.

Acupressure on acupuncture points and reflexology have been used to help some people stop smoking.

Kombe on Tuesday in Chamari said he is training people free of charge to create jobs. He said reflexology not only helps cure HIV-Aids, but also “reactivates” male sexual organs.

Early this year, he said reflexology helped a woman, 60, to give birth in Nairobi. Kombe said reflexology heals those suffering from stroke, high blood pressure, stress, kidney failure and other conditons. Reflexology is an alternative, noninvasive treatment favoured in Asian traditional medicine. It involves application of pressure and massage — manual or electric — to specific points and areas on the feet, hands and ears.

These points are said to correspond to different parts of the body and organs. He said in the rural areas a 15-minute session can cost Sh200- Sh500. In Malindi, town experts can charge up to Sh2,500.

The MP said he learnt the skills from a scholar who went to Japan to study organic farming and alternative technology, but received extra training on therapy in 2012. He said he graduated last year after three months training at Malindi Baptist Church. Kombe started to train people, not only in Magarini, but the entire Kilifi county.

He said most people are not aware of the therapy and suffer silently, relying only on the medication prescribed by doctors and forget they can get healed through massage. Expert Comulus Baya Katana, who brought the knowledge from Japan, said, “Reflexology helps reduce toxins. Many people, including the elderly, are suffering and spend a lot of money on medication, but are not aware of the therapy.”

Last year, Kombe introduced reflexology as a subject in his school – Holly Ways High School – and plans to push for amendment of the Health law to introduce the subject in the curriculum.

There is no cure for HIV-Aids. Several trials have been conducted but no vaccine has been announced. “We have no cure for HIV as it stands. Several scientists are still trying to find a cure,” Vernon Mochache head of research at the National Aids and Control Council said on Wednesday. HIV infects a kind of white blood cell called a CD4 lymphocyte, a key player in the immune response.

Adolescent deaths from AIDS tripled since 2000: UNICEF

The number of adolescents dying from AIDS has tripled over the last 15 years, most of them having acquired the disease when they were infants, according to figures released Friday by UNICEF.

AIDS is the number one cause of death among adolescents aged 10 to 19 in Africa and the second leading cause of death among adolescents globally, the United Nations children’s agency said in its latest statistical update.

“Among HIV-affected populations, adolescents are the only group for which the mortality figures are not decreasing,” the report says.

“Most adolescents who die of AIDS-related illnesses acquired HIV when they were infants, 10 to 15 years ago, when fewer pregnant women and mothers living with HIV received antiretroviral medicines to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child.”

Many of them survived into their teenage years without knowing their HIV status. However, among teenagers aged 15-19, 26 new infections occur every hour, and about half of the two million living with HIV in this group are in just six countries: South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, India, Mozambique and Tanzania.

“In sub-Saharan Africa, the region with the highest prevalence, girls are vastly more affected, accounting for seven in 10 new infections among 15-19 year olds,” the statement said.

“It is critical that young people who are HIV-positive have access to treatment, care and support,” Craig McClure, head of UNICEF’s global HIV/AIDS programmes, told a conference in Johannesburg where the report was launched.

Only one in three of the 2.6 million children under the age of 15 living with HIV are on treatment.

Since 2000, nearly 1.3 million new infections among children have been averted, largely due to advances in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

By 2014, three in five pregnant women living with HIV received antiretroviral treatment to prevent transmission of the virus to their babies.

“This has translated into a 60 percent reduction in AIDS-related deaths among children under four years of age since 2000,” Unicef said in a statement.

“These efforts to eliminate mother-to-child transmission will help to change the course of the epidemic for the next generation of adolescents.”

Photo Credits : AFP

Fears 11,000 Australian dental patients exposed to HIV

Up to 11,000 Australian dental patients were urged to see their doctors Thursday over fears they may have been exposed to HIV and hepatitis due to hygiene breaches at clinics in Sydney.

New South Wales Health said 12 dentists from four surgeries were accused of poor cleaning and equipment sterilisation practices and advised patients to get blood tests for HIV as well as Hepatitis A, B and C as a precaution.

While NSW Health director of health protection Jeremy McAnulty said no cases had been found so far and the risk of transmission was low, there was concern about people who had undergone invasive procedures.

“It’s important to stress we have no evidence of infection at this point, that no transmission has occurred,” he said.

“But the experts have been concerned in light of the reports of the problems with infection control at these facilities, that a risk is there.

“We are hopeful there won’t be transmissions and the risk is thought to be low but it’s best for people to know their status because there are treatments available for infections.”

The worry is that instruments may not have been properly cleaned and sterilised, risking the transmission of blood-borne diseases into the gums.

The scare was sparked by a complaint about one of the practices in November last year and subsequent investigations revealed “significant” safety breaches at the clinic and others, said Shane Fryer of the Dental Council of NSW.

“Audits showed that there were some problems with the cleaning, sterilisation and storage of instruments in that it was not being done in compliance with the guidelines of the dental board of Australia,” he said.

“I want to assure the public that there are stringent guidelines in place in relation to infection control, that dental practitioners must adhere to.

“Failure to do so will result in disciplinary action and possible deregistration.”

So far six dentists have been suspended and another six have had conditions placed on their licences.

One of those suspended, Robert Starkenburg, admitted to the Sydney Daily Telegraph he had been “behind the times” but said he had adopted new protocols since being investigated.

“I don’t infect my patients but I didn’t have a spick and span office like the new guys,” said the 75-year-old. “But I’m spikko now.”

He also accused NSW Health of holding a “kangaroo court” against him, the Telegraph reported.

Photo Credits : AFP

Zimbabweans get 100 million condoms in HIV battle

More than 100 million condoms were distributed in Zimbabwe last year, a huge increase on previous years, indicating that more people were practising safe sex in the battle against HIV, authorities said Tuesday. According to the National Aids Council, HIV rates in Zimbabwe have declined by 30 percent since 2009.

About 1.3 million Zimbabweans out of a population of 13 million still live with HIV, with 618,980 people on anti-retroviral treatment. “We had 104 million male condoms and 5.2 million female condoms distributed last year alone, up from a total of 28 million the previous year,” said Amon Mpofu, a director at the National Aids Council.

“The distribution of condoms and the corresponding decline in the rate of infection shows people are using protection.” Condoms are freely available in public places including bars, clinics and colleges and they are handed out by community health workers in rural areas.

Shops also sell them at a government-subsidised rate. HIV is one of the leading killers in southern Africa, and health authorities are advocating safe sex to curb the spread of the virus.

-AFP

Austrian magazine printed with HIV blood

An Austrian men’s magazine has printed its latest edition using blood from people who are HIV-positive in order to counter the “stigma” often attached to the virus that causes AIDS, its chief editor said Tuesday.

“We wanted to make a statement against the stigma and the irrational fears (about)… HIV and HIV-positive people,” Julian Wiehl, founder and editor-in-chief of Vangardist magazine, told AFP.

“If you hold this magazine in your hands it is like holding somebody who is HIV positive. Nothing can happen, nothing can harm you holding the magazine, and nothing can harm you holding an HIV-positive person,” he said.

Vangardist is usually published only digitally, but the “#HIVHeroes” edition is in hard copy, printed using blood donated by three people who are HIV-positive and mixed with normal ink.

Three thousand copies of the bilingual German-English special edition can be ordered online for 50 euros ($55.65) each, with all proceeds going to charity. A further 15,000 normal copies are also available.

One of the three donors is Wiltrut Stefanek, 45, diagnosed as HIV-positive 20 years ago and who runs PULSHIV, a Viennese group for people with HIV/AIDS and their families.

“I want to make people understand that in day-to-day dealings with it, HIV poses no risk to anyone,” the magazine quotes her as saying.

 

 

HIV breakthrough ‘imminent’, says Medicine Nobel Laureate

Nobel Laureate Francoise Barre-Sinoussi‚ who co-discovered the virus that causes Aids‚ believes it is possible that one day people will live with HIV‚ without taking medicine and yet remain healthy and un-infectious.

She was speaking at the Sci-Bono centre in Johannesburg on Friday. Barre-Sinoussi believes a cure that will completely eliminate HIV from the body is “impossible”. But she says sending the virus into remission is possible.

The scientist explained that clinical remission is when the virus is still in the body‚ but it is not replicating‚ not attacking the cells and the person cannot transmit HIV.

The virus would also not be activating the carrier’s immune system and causing inflammation in the body‚ which is linked to lifestyle disease such as heart disease and cancer.

The reason she believes remission is possible is because up to three in 1000 HIV-positive people naturally send the virus into remission and never require medicine. They are called elite controllers. These are people whose bodies stop the virus replicating and remain healthy 20 years after infection without antiretroviral medication.

The Nobel Laureate explained that there are multiple trials trying to understand how the immune systems of elite controllers work‚ so that one day treatments can be developed for all HIV positive people.

Elite controllers were detected almost by accident. A trial in France followed HIV-positive patients from the time of them testing positive to watch how the disease developed in their bodies.

The researchers found that a very small percentage of patients never needed treatment.

“These people have an efficient immune response related to a specific genetic background‚” said Barre-Sinoussi.

There is also a group of 20 French patients who started treatment but later stopped it‚ and have remained healthy for 10 years. This group is being studied to understand how their immune system controls the virus without medication.

Barre-Sinoussi is part of an initiative called Towards a Cure‚ which co-ordinates different international funders and scientists to work together efficiently to find a way to send the virus into remission.

The SA Department of Science and Technology is also part of the initiative. Also speaking at the event‚ Wits Professor Lynn Morris said a vaccine against HIV was essential to stop the disease spreading.

“We have got to stop people getting infected. The most successful way of preventing diseases is by vaccination. Vaccination has eliminated smallpox from the world.”

“We are getting hints that an HIV vaccine is possible. A lot of people feel it is a solvable problem‚” said Morris. Scientists have been working on a vaccine for more than 30 years and only one vaccine has offered 30% protection from the virus‚ too little for it to be used widely.

One of the many difficulties of developing a vaccine is that the virus mutates a lot. “Scientists are working to target parts of the virus that don’t change.” These could be the virus’s “Achilles heel‚” said Morris. Deputy director of the Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute‚ Francois Venter‚ said the improvements in HIV medicine have been “nothing short of a medical miracle”.

“We have gone from a situation in early 90s in which patients had handfuls of tablets that had terrible side effects and did very little‚ to patients today needing a single tablet a day with minimal side effects.” “I am sometimes surprised at the lack of ambition in other medical fields”. He said diabetes research and treatments for high blood pressure had not progressed nearly has fast as the HIV field. – The Times

-Timeslive.co.za

Origins of HIV virus strains traced to gorillas

Two of four strains of the virus that can cause AIDS come from gorillas in southwestern Cameroon, an international team of scientists reported in studies published Monday in the United States.

The new information means that researchers now know the origins of all strains of the HIV virus that occur in people.

HIV (HIV-1) has at least four strains. Known as Groups M, N, O and P, each one had its own origin — from ape to man, on at least four separate occasions.

Groups M and N were known to have come from chimpanzees in Cameroon. But until now the origin of the O and P strains had been unknown.

Results of the study led by Martine Peeters, a virologist at France’s Research and Development Institute (IRD) and the University of Montpellier, appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

HIV-1’s Group M is the most widely spread, behind the greatest part of the epidemic with more than 40 million people now infected around the world.

Group P has only been detected in two people so far. And Group O has been found in central and western Africa, infecting about 100,000.

The breakthrough was made possible thanks to genetic samples from chimpanzees and gorillas from Cameroon, Gabon, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

“From this study and others that our team has conducted in the past it has become clear that both chimpanzees and gorillas harbor viruses that are capable of crossing the species barrier to humans and have the potential to cause major disease outbreaks,” Peeters said.

“Understanding emerging disease origins is critical to gauge future human infection risks,” she added.

Since 1981, about 78 million people have been infected by HIV, which destroys immune cells and leaves the body exposed to tuberculosis, pneumonia and other opportunistic diseases.

Thirty-nine million have died, according to UN estimates.

The team of scientists is from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Montpellier, the University of Edinburgh, and other institutions.

Photo Credits : AFP

Chinese grandfather supports petition to expel HIV positive boy from village

The grandfather of a Chinese HIV-positive boy has defended his support for a petition to banish him from their village, media reported Saturday, in a case that has sparked intense soul-searching in China.

Some 200 residents – including the eight-year-old’s own grandfather – signed a petition to expel him from their village in China’s southwestern Sichuan province, in a bid to “protect villagers’ health”.

The case has prompted huge debate on Chinese social media and highlighted the stigma attached to the disease in a country where sufferers face widespread discrimination.

The child’s grandfather and guardian Luo Wenhui told the Beijing News daily that when he signed the petition he “hoped that it would make things better,” as the boy would receive improved care elsewhere.

“We are getting too old, and he is getting more naughty…we don’t have the ability to look after him,” Luo said.

“If he didn’t live better outside the village, he could come back.”

The boy, who has been given the pseudonym Kunkun by media, was left in his grandfather’s care when both his parents left the impoverished village to seek work.

 

Scientists ‘find spontaneous HIV cure’

French scientists claimed yesterday to have found the genetic mechanism for a “spontaneous cure” in two HIV-infected men, proposing a new strategy for combating Aids even as other experts urged caution.

The findings were based on a study of two men infected with the human immunodeficiency virus who never developed Aids symptoms.

The virus remained in their immune cells but was inactivated because its genetic code had been altered, said the scientists. They sequenced the HIV genome in samples taken from the pair who, they said, had experienced an “apparent spontaneous cure”.

The mutation might be linked to a common enzyme named APOBEC, the team said. “The work opens up therapeutic avenues for a cure, using or stimulating this enzyme,” they said.

The work, published in the journal Clinical Microbiology and Infection, was carried out by scientists at France’s Institute of Health and Medical Research.

 

3 HIV-positive women were forcibly sterilised in Namibia, says court

Namibia’s government violated the rights of three HIV-positive women when it had them sterilized without their consent, the country’s Supreme Court ruled.

The court affirmed the high court’s ruling in 2012 that the government had subjected the women to coercive sterilization, the Namibian Women’s Health Network (NWHN) and Southern Africa Litigation Centre (SALC) said in a joint statement.

The two organizations had been supporting the women through their legal battle.

The matter would now return to the high court where an assessment of the damages would be done and compensation decided.

NWHN director Jennifer Gatsi Mallet welcomed the ruling, but said the three cases were only the “tip of the iceberg”.

“We have documented dozens of cases of other HIV-positive women who have been forcibly sterilised. The government needs to take active steps to ensure all women subjected to this unlawful practice get redress,” she said.

SALC deputy director Priti Patel said the ruling would affect other African countries.

“This decision sends a clear message that governments throughout Africa must take concrete actions to end this practice,” she said.

– TIMES LIVE