Mother In Law’s, Listen Up! This Is Why Your Son’s Wife Isn’t Reproducing

Women have fewer children if they live with their mother or mother-in-law, a major new study suggests.

Researchers found, on average, females who live just with their spouse have more children than those who share a bathroom with their relatives.

The findings dismiss widely held theories that sharing a house with a mother or mother-in-law would encourage women to have more children.

Austrian scientists made the conclusion after assessing statistics attained from 2.5 million females across the world.

Until now, biologists assumed that a woman who lives with her mother or mother in law would have more children.

But the new study, ‘dubbed interesting’ and published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, discovered the opposite effect.

Writing in the journal, the researchers said: ‘Our data thus point to lower fertility in case of the presence of any mother in the household.

‘This is interesting, as one would expect that both mothers should have “some biological interest” in a higher number of grandchildren. 

Experts blamed reproductive competition behind why many women choose not to have children while living with their own mother or in law.

The University of Vienna team noted how the grandmothers tended to be younger if they were still living with their daughter, or son’s spouse.

They suggested that a younger grandmother may have children on her own which is more important than raising their own grandchildren.

This may cause a woman to avoid becoming pregnant, as they would perhaps feel they wouldn’t receive enough support with their newborn.

How was the study carried out? 

Researchers used census data of 2,478,383 married women between the ages of 15 and 34 from 14 countries, including the US, Iraq and Argentina.

Analysis showed a stark cultural difference between which women tend to live with either their parents or in laws. All of the participants lived with their spouse.

Some 1.47 per cent of American women live with their husband’s mother, compared to 53 per cent in Iraq, the results revealed.

While the amount of those living with their own mother ranged from 0.79 per cent in Malawi to 17 per cent in Thailand.

The analysis bracket included all women still in their reproductive years, in theory, meaning they had yet to complete their family.

Education, where they lived and their partner’s education level were also assessed for any potential effects on the number of children.


Woman,21,who survived suicide receives face transplant in historic 31-hour operation

21 year old Katie Stubblefield became the youngest person in the US to receive a face transplant.

This is due to her botched suicide attempt from 3 years before,March 25 2014.

Katie neither remembers the day she tried to take her life in the bathroom of her brother’s home,nor much from the months after.

face transplant6

Transferred to the local hospital, then to Cleveland,Ohio,they were desperate to save her life.

Later,by start of 2016,Stubblefield was declared stable.

On May 4, 2017 she made history, undergoing 31 hours of surgery at the Cleveland Clinic;

Receiving a face transplant that would restore her face structure, and allow her to chew, swallow and breathe independently for the first time in years.

face transplant

In a National Geographic documentary ‘The Story of a Face‘ that reveals her struggle,she said;

‘I get a second chance at life now.’

face transplant

Furthermore,in the world,Stubblefield is the 40th person to receive a face transplant;

The 3rd at Cleveland Clinic-the pioneer of facial reconstruction in the US.

Nonetheless,this was different than others,in that,she’s the youngest ever and it was the longest face transplant ‘ever’ performed.

face transplant

‘Thank you for reaching out ‘ woman who published suicide note saved

Katie Stubblefield’s relatives told National Geographic,she was a fun girl with a great sense of humour and wit.

Also,she was close with her siblings.Older brother and sister;Robert and Olivia.

face transplant

The day of the botched suicide,earlier in the day she saw texts on her boyfriend’s phone from another girl, and when confronted, he ended their relationship.

She went to her brother’s home distressed,headed to the bathroom;

And shot herself under the chin using his hunting rifle, a .308-caliber.

Robert told National Geographic he rushed upstairs, found Katie on the floor, and ‘her face was gone’.

Surgeons raced to patch up her external and internal wounds and eventually mentioned face transplant to Katie’s family.

face transplant5

The following two years,Stubblefield was being ferried in and out of hospital for a whirlwind of surgeries.

Finally start of May 2017 a donor emerged.

May 4th she was in for the operation-involving 11 surgeons and virtual reality techniques,according to Daily Mail.

face transplant2

For the operation, the surgeons had to replace;

Her scalp, nose, upper cheeks, upper jaw, half of her lower jaw, forehead, eyelids, eye sockets, muscles, skin and most of her facial nerves.

Discharged on August 1, 2017,she is now on a cocktail of immunosuppressant drugs as she continues therapy to re-learn how to walk, move, speak, and read Braille.

face transplant12

Katie hopes to go back to school online, heading towards qualifying as a counselor.

Ultimately,she would like to work with other suicide survivors.

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Do you know what the chemicals in acrylic and gel polish are doing to your nails?

You could be allergic to gel polish or acrylics and not even know it.

Turns out the chemicals used in acrylic and gel nails are causing an allergy epidemic, according to Charity British Association of Dermatologists (BAD).

gel nails

About 2.4% of women are allergic to chemicals, known as methacrylates.

BAD warns they are found in such nail enhancements, which can cause their nails to loosen or their skin to develop a severe, itchy rash.

Even more, such can spread to wherever the nails comes into contact with, which may include a person’s eyelids, face and even their genitals.

gel nails2

In extreme cases, hand swelling and breathing difficulties could also occur.

Previous research suggests 93% of reactions to methacrylates occur in females.

gel nails1

Reactions are worse when people use at-home kits.
gel nails8
BAD adds even professionally applied acrylic and gel nails can cause reactions if technicians are poorly trained.
gel nails7
Methacrylates are not routinely included in allergy patch tests and therefore the number of people who react to such chemicals is thought to be vastly underestimated.

A Dr David Orton from BAD said:

‘It is really important that people know they can develop allergies from artificial nails.’

gel nails5

Ladies, Here’s Why You Should Go Slow On That GEL POLISH And Manicure, It Could Put You In Danger

In an audit of 13 UK and Irish dermatology clinics in 2017, 4,931 patients were tested for methacrylate allergies, of which up to 2.4%suffered a reaction.

Of those who reacted;

60% developed their allergy through ‘recreational exposure’ while having the nail enhancements fitted.

33% of the cases, allergies occurred in nail technicians while working.

gel nails9

Remainder of cases, took place due to methacrylate exposure where the chemicals are also used, according to Daily Mail.

On the other hand, BAD analysed 742 people visiting dermatology clinics.

Results suggest that 19% of people experience side effects from acrylic nails applied in salons while 165 suffer adverse events from gel polish nails.

gel nails6

Complications include; nail damage and allergic dermatitis, such as itching and swelling of the eyelids, cheeks and neck.

Are you one of those ladies who are almost addicted to gel polish or acrylic nails?

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Want to lose weight? Stretching is key to reshaping your body according to experts

There’s  a ot of confusion when it comes to the value – or lack thereof – of muscle stretching to accelerate recovery after exercise.

First of all, it’s important to understand the difference between stretching for recovery and stretching for remodeling.

During exercise, muscles are called upon to work.


During this time, fuel is used up, waste products are created and muscle fiber structure is disrupted.

The process of resetting the muscles to prepare for the next event is called recovery.

And the muscle returns to full function without soreness.

While multiple studies have shown that stretching does not aid significantly in waste removal or serve in any capacity to accelerate muscle recovery in contrast, only massage has been considered consistently effective.

Similarly, most people aren’t training for professional races but for a better health, weight loss and to improve their moods.


For that, we need to focus on our body’s remodeling response to exercise, which is not the same as recovery from exercise.

When one exercises consistently, our bodies adapt to that stressor by changing our muscle structure, metabolism and physiology.

It is that change, that remodeling, that leads to all the positive benefits of exercise.

What’s more, a recent study has clearly shown that stretching over time improves blood flow to the muscles during subsequent exercise.

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It is true that studies have shown:

  • Static stretching routines (reach, hold for 30 seconds, release, next stretch) prior to a workout
  • Or competition lead to decreases in strength during that event

And that stretching before activity does not prevent injuries, as was long thought.

To stretch or Not to stretch?

Seems like, if you are an elite athlete trying to decrease injury, increase strength or accelerate muscle recovery right before your next event – then no.


But if you are most people, exercising to lose weight, be well and improve mood – then yes.


It will help with muscle remodeling, connective tissue strengthening, range-of-motion improvement, joint alignment;

And potentially blood flow during subsequent exercise – all beneficial effects in the long run, according to Daily Mail.

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Study finds women with heart problems should see a female doctor compared to a male one

Women who have heart attacks are less likely to die if they see a female doctor, study finds.

In addition, women have harder-to-interpret heart attack symptoms compared to men.


Hence, more women died under male doctors than under female.

A study found that 13.3% died after being treated by a man, against 12% of those treated by a woman.


Meanwhile, male doctors are more likely to miss danger signs in women who are admitted.

For example, when men are having a heart attack, their chest pain tends to make it obvious.

But, a heart attack in women often starts with harder-to-interpret flu-like symptoms along with an aching jaw and spine.

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The US study was carried out by the University of Minnesota, of nearly 582,000 heart attack victims.

The researchers reviewed heart attack cases in Florida from 1991 to 2010, according to Daily Mail.


A female patient is also more likely to survive if a male doctor has recently treated more female patients, who may have had similar symptoms.

The study concluded doctors needed more training in different male and female symptoms.

Daily Mail

Turns out,beer is good for you because it reduces heart risk and improves brain health

Beer in addition to quenching thirst after a hard day at the office,a well-earned pint also contains several nutritional ingredients, which help to reduce heart risk and improve brain health.

That’s according to scientists in Hong Kong, who’ve published new research in The American Journal of the Medical Sciences.


A study says a few beers a week or bottle of wine may help men start a family

The scientists claim beer boasts more protein and B vitamins than wine;

And,is high in antioxidants and can reduce the occurrence of cardiovascular disease.

‘Beer also includes a range of polyphenols such as flavonoids and phenolic acids that contribute directly to flavour, haze, body and fullness,’ one of the researchers said according to Daily Mail.


Likewise,the polyphenols, she says, have health-boosting properties which, when ingested;

Therefore,can reduce the likelihood of developing diabetes, blocked arteries and heart disease, which protecting cognitive function.

Meanwhile, the benefits are only enjoyed when it’s consumed in moderation.


‘Spread your drinking over three or more days if you regularly drink as much as 14 units a week. Ideally, the health limit is up to one pint for men and half a pint for women per day,’one of the main researchers, Sisi Yip said.

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Anxiety can be inherited from your parents – Scientists

New research suggests children may inherit brain traits from their anxious parents that make them susceptible to the same mental health condition.

Patterns of anxiety in families have long been observed by psychologists.

But, most research suggests that the similarities are due more to ‘nurture’ than genetic ‘nature.’

Meanwhile, a new examination of brain structures in anxious families of monkeys was conducted by the University of Wisconsin.

It identified at least 1 inherited brain circuit that plays an important role in the development of anxiety, according to Daily Mail.

They found anxious parents and their children shared inherited connections.

And, uncommonly close connections between brain parts that generate a fear response.


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What became clear for mental health conditions is most develop through a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Dr Fox of the University of California and his collaborators at University of Wisconsin decided to look for the brain structures that might distinguish young Rhesus monkey’s temperament from others.

He and his team estimate that the paralyzing shyness and ‘anxiety temperaments’ of the baby monkeys were about 30% inherited from their parents.

Furthermore, he cautions that this doesn’t mean they have found the root of all anxiety, or even the root of some anxiety.

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Researchers find, young adults are drinking themselves to death

A finding shows young adults are drinking themselves to death by causing irreversible damage to their livers.

Researchers say that deaths due to cirrhosis – or damage that leads to scarring of the liver or liver failure – increased.

The team, from the University of Michigan Medicine, were shocked to find that the biggest increase was among 25-to-34-year-olds.


Silhouette of man drinking alcohol, close up

Rising 10% every year – an overall 240 percent increase.

Cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease that can involve the loss of liver cells or permanent scarring of the organ.


When healthy liver tissue is lost and replaced with scar tissue, it can block blood flow to the liver.

Alcohol is not the only way that cirrhosis occurs. Infection from hepatitis B or C can also cause the disease.

Revealed: What the colour of your urine says about your health

Early symptoms include poor appetite, fatigue and feeling weak. As the condition worsens, symptoms can include fever, vomiting, bruising and bleeding easily, and jaundice or yellowing of the skin.

They found that between 1999 and 2016, the number of annual deaths from cirrhosis increased by 65%.

Man drinking beer on a night out

Both Dr Tapper and Dr Parikh-the researchers,according to Mail Online, say;

Deaths due to alcohol-related disease can be prevented on multiple fronts.

Strategies include raising the minimum prices for alcohol as well as certain taxes to hopefully dissuade binge drinking.

As well as medical interventions such as medications that reduce alcohol cravings.

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Having more than 5 children increases risk of Alzheimer’s by 70% in women,study finds

Women who’ve had more than five children have increased risk of Alzheimer’s by 70% compared to women who have fewer children, a study finds.

This may be because of the surge in levels of the hormone oestrogen towards the end of pregnancy,researchers believe.

Also found was, women who had an ‘incomplete pregnancy’ – miscarriage or abortion – were half as likely to develop Alzheimer’s later in life.


The study was carried out on a total of 3,549 women in South Korea and Greece.
They who were tracked from the age of 71.

Women participating provided information on their reproductive history.

Including how many children they had had and miscarriages.

Tests were taken of their memory and thinking skills to see whether they had developed Alzheimer’s or mild cognitive impairment.

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118 women developed Alzheimer’s disease and 896 women developed mild cognitive impairment, according to the study.

Of the 716 women with 5 or more children, 59 developed Alzheimer’s, compared to 53 of the 2,751 women with fewer children.

Women who had experienced an incomplete pregnancy were about half as likely to develop Alzheimer’s.

As women who had never had an incomplete pregnancy.

And of the 2,375 women who had an incomplete pregnancy, 47 developed Alzheimer’s disease.


On the tests of memory and thinking skills, women who had five or more children had lower scores than women who had fewer children.

According to Mail Online,the researchers said a number of factors could be responsible.

Including a huge surge in the hormone oestrogen, which may be protective in smaller doses but harmful in very large amounts.

Daily Mail

A study says a few beers a week or bottle of wine may help men start a family

Men hoping to become fathers are often advised to avoid alcohol for fear of harming their fertility.

But a study suggests a few small beers a week or bottle of wine may actually help men start a family.

Italian researchers who asked 323 men about their alcohol consumption found moderate drinkers had a better sperm count.

This worked out as up to a bottle and small glass of wine a week, or seven small bottles of beer.


The study, in Milan, suggested the antioxidants from grapes in wine, and a compound in beer hops called Xanthohumol, may slightly improve sperm by protecting cells from damage.

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 Dr Elena Ricci, who led the research, said, ‘We found that men who consumed four to seven units per week had higher semen volume and total sperm count than those who drank less or more than that. We concluded that moderate alcohol intake appears positively associated to semen quality, in this group of men.’
Finally, according to Mail Online,the results show that;
Compared to men drinking zero to three units of alcohol a week, the moderate drinkers had a higher overall sperm count.
Their sperm was less concentrated, but they produced more semen
Meaning, a higher chance of getting their partner pregnant, according to the authors.

Knowing how thoughts influence eating could help fight obesity, researchers say

Just thinking about whether or not your food is healthy could make you eat less and lose weight, according to a study.

Researchers discovered that people eat less food when they think about how it will affect their body.

People choose smaller portion sizes if and when they are encouraged to focus on what nutritional value a meal has.

small portions2

small portions1

Instead of thinking about how good it’ll taste.

In addition, the study found people of any weight naturally choose smaller portions of food when they think rationally about what different food does to their body.
small portions

Research by the University of Tübingen in Germany shows the way people think about their food influences how much they eat in one sitting,according to Mail Online.

People thinking about how much pleasure they will get from the meal or how filling it will be end; up eating more.

Meanwhile,those thinking about the effect the food will have on their health choose to eat less.

In conclusion,participants in all weight categories selected smaller portions when prompted to think about health.

Daily Mail

Revealed: What the colour of your urine says about your health

The colour of your urine can tell you if you should be drinking more water, which is very important.

Urine is usually varying shades of yellow and, the darker it is, the more likely it is that you’re becoming dehydrated.

urine colour test

Dehydration can be a serious health risk and is particularly dangerous for babies, children and elderly people.

The urine of someone who is properly hydrated should be a very pale yellow or clear.

Fatty foods is the only cause of weight gain – not carbs, research suggests

Whereas a darker yellow or more brownish colour could be a sign someone is getting dangerously dehydrated.

urine colour

Dehydration can usually be easily avoided and treated by drinking enough water.

But, if left to get worse it can cause dizziness and tiredness or lead to more serious complications like heatstroke, muscle cramps or exhaustion.

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Smokers are up to 45% more likely to suffer from irregular heart beats – study

Smokers are up to 45% more likely to suffer from irregular heart beats, a new research suggests.

For every 10 cigarettes smoked a day, the risk of suffering from atrial fibrillation increases by 14 per cent, a study found today.

Atrial fibrillation is responsible for as many as 30 per cent of all life-threatening strokes.



How the research was carried out 

The researchers analysed 29 studies carried out in Europe, North America, Australia and Japan.

The study review had a total of 677,785 participants, of which 39,282 suffered from atrial fibrillation.

Results further suggest that all smokers are 32 per cent more likely to develop atrial fibrillation.

While those who have ditched the habit still have a nine per cent higher risk.

According to Mail Online, previous research suggests smokers take in fewer calories, therefore obese people may start smoking to help them lose weight, the scientists add.

Alternatively, smokers may be more likely to have other unhealthy lifestyle habits that lead to obesity, such as a poor diet or being inactive.

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Waking up with a negative mindset can affect you for the rest of the day, research finds

At one point or another,everybody has days when they get up on the wrong side of the bed, feeling ready for the day to end before it has even begun.

And scientists say the old adage may have some truth in it.

Research shows people who are in a bad mood in the morning, struggle more throughout the day.


Those who expect to have a bad day from the start have worse brain function later in the afternoon, according to a study.

This reduces the brain’s working memory, making us more likely to make a mistake or struggle to focus.

Feeling younger than you are may slow down the rate your brain ages,study finds

Scientists from Penn State University in Pennsylvania studied 240 adults and asked them to rate their stress levels throughout the day.

They were also asked to complete exercises to test their working memory.

Those who were most stressed in the morning performed worse on the working memory tests later in the afternoon.

000000000000People who said in the evening that they were stressed about the following day did not show the same decline in brain power if they were less stressed in the morning.

According to Daily Mail,the scientists now say there may be ways to stop people being as stressed in the morning, meaning they avoid the brain slump in the afternoon.

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Daily Mail

Feeling younger than you are may slow down the rate your brain ages,study finds

People who feel young have better memories and consider themselves healthy.

Feeling old before your time may be due to a loss of grey matter making everyday tasks more challenging, according to the researchers  from Seoul National University, according to Daily Mail.

How the research was carried out  

The researchers analyzed the MRI brain scans of 68 healthy people aged between 59 and 84.

They asked the participants: ‘How old do you feel, compared to your real age?’

Responses were either ‘I’m younger than my real age’, ‘I’m the same as my real age’ or ‘I’m older than my real age’.

The participants were also tested on their memories,their personality traits, any depressive symptoms and their perceived overall health.

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Another theory behind why people who feel older have ageing brains is;

They may be less motivated to lead healthy lifestyles, leading to deteriorating cognitive health.

Dr Chey said: ‘If somebody feels older than their age, it could be sign for them to evaluate their lifestyle, habits and activities that could contribute to brain aging and take measures to better care for their brain health.’

The findings were published in the journal Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience.

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Human brains become ‘old’ at just 25

This comes after research released last February suggests the human brain becomes ‘old’ at just 25.

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which is found in the brain and spinal cord, changes its speed of movement in people older than their mid-20s, a study by Lancaster University found.

Previous research suggests the volume and weight of the brain begins to decline by around five per cent per decade when a person reaches 40 years old.

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REVEALED: Why seeing the same doctor every time could save your life

Patients who see the same doctor at every appointment are far less likely to die early, a major study has found.

They are more open about their symptoms, more trusting of medical advice and more inclined to take their prescription.

The research looked at 22 studies covering more than 1.4 million patients from countries such as the UK, the US, France and the Netherlands. Eighteen of the studies showed patients were significantly more likely to die in a given period if they had appointments with different doctors or hospital consultants.

The findings, from the University of Exeter Medical School, will cause concern as most patients are now unable to see the same GP at each appointment because surgeries are so short-staffed.

Hospitals are also understaffed and patients at specialist outpatient clinics often see different junior doctors rather than the consultant supervising their care.

The study’s lead author Sir Denis Pereira Gray, a former president of the Royal College of GPs, said: ‘Patients have long known that it matters which doctor they see and how well they can communicate with them.

‘Until now arranging for patients to see the doctor of their choice has been considered a matter of convenience or courtesy: now it is clear it is about the quality of medical practice and is literally a matter of life and death.’

One US study found nearly a fifth of diabetes patients – 18.5 per cent – who saw different GPs died within three years. This compared to just 8 per cent of those who saw the same doctor every time.

A British study found patients who were able to see their preferred GP were less likely to die from cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, a severe lung condition linked to smoking.


Standing up at work could help tackle risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke

Too much time spent sitting down is known to be very unhealthy and increases risk of diseases. Now it is becoming common to hold standing meetings at the workplace to help decrease this inactive lifestyle.

Scientists warn, even though it may feel ill at ease for standing up at work to become a norm.

standing meetings

According to Daily Mail health, ‘When researchers asked people to try standing up in meetings they report feeling ‘awkward’ or ‘stupid’ or like they are breaking the rules.

Studies have linked more time standing up to a lower risk of premature death, and one expert says sedentary office work is an ‘urgent public health issue’.’

standing meetings1

A large part of the population is office settings and spend almost two thirds of their work seated hence sedentary office work is indeed a health issue.

standing at work

According to researchers from Liverpool University who did a study in March, after two weeks of people living the ‘couch potato’ lifestyle, people’s fat levels and waist sizes went up, and they showed signs of muscle loss and lower cardio-respiratory fitness.

Signs and symptoms of poor gut health and how to improve it for good

standing meetings2

In additon,these inactive lifestyles could damage their health in the long term, potentially leading to serious conditions such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease and strokes.

But thank God these awful beginning effects can be countered with simple tasks like taking the stairs instead of the elevators or escalators and involving oneself in different forms of manual labour; instead of taking the easy yet harmful way out of sitting behind your desk and shopping for little things online which you can take a walk and go buy at the local supermarket.

Move around more!

Items in your home and life that might be causing harm to your health.

Read More…


How much booze do you drink per week?

People who enjoy the occasional tipple are less likely to suffer a premature death than abstainers, research suggests.

According to Daily Mail, mortality rates are lowest in light drinkers, who have an average of up to three pints of beer or glass of wine a week across their lifetime.

The risk soars 20 per cent for very heavy drinkers who indulge in the same amount of booze – but on a daily basis, scientists at Queen’s University Belfast found.


And there is a seven per cent higher chance of an early death or being diagnosed with cancer for those who have never even touched alcohol.

 The scientists have now revealed the exact risk of dying early or developing cancer for men and women in eight different brackets of drinkers.

Current UK guidelines advise a maximum of 14 units of alcohol a week – six pints of average strength beer or seven medium sized glasses of wine.


Dr Andrew Kunzmann, lead author, said: ‘Previous studies have consistently found light to moderate drinkers live longer than lifetime teetotallers.

‘The evidence from cancer research gives a different impression – even light to moderate alcohol consumption is linked with an increased risk of cancer.

‘These differences have led to confusing public health messages about the health impacts of light to moderate alcohol consumption and what counts as drinking in moderation.’

Dr Kunzmann hopes the findings, based on almost 100,000 adults and published in the journal PLOS Medicine, will provide a clearer message.


Robust evidence 

He added: ‘Drinking alcohol is a personal choice and it is not our aim to tell people whether they can or can’t drink.

‘The aim of this study is to provide robust evidence so that people can make informed, healthy decisions about their alcohol intake.’

But he urged caution in the findings, as the reason why light drinkers have a lower risk of cancer or early death is still hotly contested.

Dr Kunzmann said: ‘It has been suggested light drinking may have beneficial effects on heart health, though this has not yet been proven.

‘Light drinkers may also be at a lower risk of premature death as they tend to be wealthier, so may have better access to healthcare and may follow other healthier lifestyle behaviours, such as being more physically active.’We feel it would be inappropriate to recommend teetotallers to start drinking based on these results given the uncertainty.’

NEVER Didn’t consume alcohol 5% 9% 7%
INFREQUENT 0-1 drinks each week 5% 11% 8%
LIGHT 1-3 drinks each week N/A N/A N/A
SOMEWHAT LIGHT 3-5 drinks each week -3% 4% 0%
LIGHT-MODERATE 5-7 drinks each week 3% 9% 5%
MODERATE 1-2 drinks each day 0% 10% 2%
HEAVY 2-3 drinks each day 9% 13% 10%
VERY HEAVY 3 or more drinks each day 19% 46% 21%

How was the study carried out? 

Health survey data on 99,654 adults, who were aged between 55 and 74, in the US was examined. They were followed for an average of nine years.

Participants had completed a dietary survey with questions on their alcohol intake at various stages of their life. Their answers were averaged out.

For the purpose of the study, researchers separated the volunteers into eight groups, based on how much alcohol they consumed – from never to heavy drinkers.


What did they find? 

Very heavy drinkers (three or more drinks each day) had the highest risk of dying early or developing cancer at 21 per cent.

This group were followed by heavy drinkers (two to three drinks each day), who were 10 per cent more likely to die young or get cancer.

Infrequent drinkers (one drink each week) had an eight per cent higher risk, while it was calculated to be seven for per cent for abstainers.

There was no extra risk of cancer or dying prematurely for somewhat light drinkers (between three and five drinks each week).

However, light moderate drinkers (five to seven drinks each week) and moderate drinkers (one to two drinks each day) faced slightly higher odds.

The study, which accounted for other known risk factors, such as smoking and diet, is one of the first to look at average lifetime alcohol intakes.