New Study Confirms That Alcohol Increases Breast CANCER Risk For Black Women By 33%. Find Out Why

Just two drinks a day significantly increases the risk of breast cancer for black women, a report has confirmed – finally filling a gap in research.

Alcohol consumption and breast cancer has long been linked in studies, but the research mostly centered on white women.

But now experts have conclusively shown a similar risk among black women.

A recent study claims that just 14 drinks a week will increase the risk of developing the disease by 33 percent.

Previous studies claimed the risk was 20 percent higher, but these reports were based on Caucasian women.

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The study was conducted by University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and was published in May.

Researchers found that even one drink a day elevated the risk for all types of breast malignancies in black women.

The risk was compared to light drinkers who had less than four alcoholic beverages a week.

Previous studies reported the risk for women who had two to three alcoholic drinks daily was 20 percent, according to Susan G Komen.

The lifetime risk for all women developing breast cancer is 12 percent.

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When broken down by race and ethnicity, white women have a 13 percent risk and black women have an 11 percent risk.

Senior study author Melissa Troester said: ‘Many breast cancer risk factors like family history cannot be changed, however, alcohol drinking can be moderated if a woman wants to decrease her risk.

Troester, a researcher at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill added: ‘Most studies show that risk is only significantly increased if women drink more than one drink per day.’

The expert said it’s possible alcohol may interfere with hormone levels in a way that encourages tumor growth, and it also might cause genetic damage that makes cancer more likely.

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Troester said it was rather the alcohol content rather than the specific drink that caused the increased risk.

For the current study, researchers examined data on drinking habits for 22,338 African-American women, including 5,018 who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer.

Overall, 45 percent of the women said they never drank and another 21 percent said they used to consume alcohol but currently did not.

The increased risk was smaller, around four percent, for former drinkers and for women who currently had four to six drinks a week.

For those who had seven to 13 drinks a week, the risk increase was seven percent compared to light drinkers.

‘The take-home message is that African-American women are also at increased risk of breast cancer due to alcohol use and should be encouraged to limit alcohol use,’ Giordano, who wasn’t involved in the study, said.

Daily Mail

Intoxicated Teens Are At Risk Of Life-Threatening Alcohol Addiction As Adults: Drinking Young Raises Your Death Risk By 47%

Getting drunk before your 15th birthday nearly doubles your risk of an early death, new research reveals.

Those who get inebriated at a young age are 47 percent more likely to die prematurely, a study found.

Researchers believe early drinking may increase a person’s risk of suffering a life-threatening alcohol abuse disorder in later life.

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Lead author Dr Hui Hu from the University of Florida, said: ‘Early onset of drinking and drunkenness are associated with alcohol use disorders and therefore may play a role in elevated alcohol use disorder-related mortality rates.’

Other experts add excessive alcohol-consumption at a young age can increase a person’s ‘risk-taking behavior’ and lead to mental health issues.

  • How the study was carried out 

Compared to study participants who said they never got drunk, those who did so at least once before they turned 15 were 47 percent more likely to die during the study period.

Getting drunk at 15 or older increased the risk of death during the study by 20 percent.

Some 61 percent of the study’s participants said they had been drunk at some point, with around 13 percent of first-time cases occurring before they turned 15.

Of those who got drunk young, around 37 percent were suffering from an alcohol abuse disorder at the time of the interviews, compared to 11 percent of abuse sufferers who did not get intoxicated until they were older.

By the end of the study, 26 percent of those who got drunk young had died, compared to 23 percent of those who got drunk later and 19 percent who had never been inebriated.

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  • Why early drinking is risky

Excessive drinking at a young age is thought to be linked to alcohol abuse in later life.

Dr Hu said: ‘Early onset of drinking and drunkenness are associated with alcohol use disorders and therefore may play a role in elevated alcohol use disorder-related mortality rates.’

Yet alcohol addiction may not be the only factor contributing to young drinkers’ early death risk.

Dr Hu said: ‘We found that an estimated 21 percent of the total effects of early drunkenness were mediated through alcohol use disorders, suggesting that many other factors in addition to alcohol use disorders may play important roles.’

Dr Michael Criqui, San Diego, who was not involved in the study, said: ‘We know that alcohol abuse leads to earlier mortality, but it is also possible that earlier abuse reflects other genetic or environmental characteristics that lead to earlier mortality.’

Early drunkenness may point to other factors such as risk-taking behavior, mental health issues or a lack of social or economic support that influences health and longevity.

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  • How to interpret the results  

Dr Marcus said: ‘No one should interpret these data to mean that their fate is sealed.

‘On the contrary, these findings are useful exactly because they may help us identify those at risk so we can prevent these adverse outcomes.’

Yet Mr Joy Bohyun Jang of the institute for social research at the University of Michigan, who was not involved in the study, added that the study demonstrates an early mortality risk exists even among people without alcohol addiction, which all drinkers should be aware of.

He said: ‘Those with alcohol use disorders may receive attention to their alcohol use behaviors by practitioners or they themselves may be cautious about their alcohol use.

‘But what this study tells us is that those without alcohol use disorder may need the same level of attention if they experience drunkenness early in their life.’

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How To Give Up DRINKING And Not LOSE Your Friends: Here Are Top Tips To Get Around The Awkward After-Work Drinks Questions

Are you determined to give up drinking without losing your friends? Here’s what you have to do, according to Anna Pursglove who gave up drinking 12 months ago aged 43 after embracing fitness;

GIVE IT TIME 

We all play roles in our friendship groups: the organiser, the listener, the risk taker. When you stop drinking you create a new (and possibly previously unfilled) position. It will take the other women time to adjust.

When I first told my friends I had decided to back away from the booze, several said things along the lines of ‘but you’re the fun one’. This was hard to deal with at the time as it suggested that I was only capable of being fun half cut.

But I learned not to take comments like this to heart. They only show fear among the others that they may be losing you.

I hope the past 12 months have shown my girlfriends that I’m still me — it’s just I can now drive them home after a night out.

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PLUMP FOR THE DIET 

When you find yourself clutching a glass of sparkling water in the midst of a fizz binge, you will be grilled, so be prepared.

Women insist you tell them why you’re not drinking and they will harass you for an answer, whether you feel like discussing it or not. But I have generally found that male friends aren’t interested in whether I drink or not.

A clinical psychologist friend tells me this supports the behavioural theory that men are what experts term ‘self regarding’, while women are ‘other regarding’. In other words, it matters far more to women than men what their peers are doing.

Rather than endlessly listing your reasons, I find it much better to fib. Saying you are on a diet or antibiotics is the quickest way to get people to change the subject.

WHINES ABOUT WINE

Newly acquired sobriety is extremely threatening to other women and you can expect to be cast in the role of the ‘wine police’ whatever you do. Friends who would once happily quaff a bottle or two in your presence will now treat you to a forensic analysis of what they have consumed . . . and when . . . and why.

You’re just going to have to grin and bear it, and be scrupulously non-judgmental.

Eventually, they will accept that you are not, in fact, hiding a breathalyser in your handbag, nor will you be counting the empties into the recycling bin, tut-tutting all the while. It just takes a while for your friends to realise this is about you — not them.

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TURN UP LATE 

There are certain fundamental differences between drinkers and non-drinkers. The most prominent of these is that drinkers like to string a thing out . . . in order to squeeze in another teeny glass.

This will become apparent to you when you go out for dinner. The evening will start with cocktails, then the food ordering will take for ever while people peruse the wine list. There will be endless sendings-away of the waiter who has come to take your order because people are on their second gin and tonic, they haven’t even looked at the menu and they’re already starting to lose focus as the booze kicks in.

This can be frustrating, but there’s an easy solution — just skip the bits that don’t involve food.

Don’t turn up for the pre-dinner drinks at all, and get to the restaurant late. Get one of the others to order for you. You will miss nothing that won’t be repeated during the course of dinner.

... AND LEAVE EARLY 

An inescapable truth about a wine-free life is that you won’t want to stay up as late as the others do.

Studies have shown that — at least for the time people are actively drinking — alcohol acts as a stimulant (even if it has sedative effects later on).

This problem really bothered me at first. How could I maintain that female camaraderie if I was always the one sloping off at 10pm?

But here’s the revelation — nobody will even notice if you leave without saying goodbye.

It’s such a well-tested social trick that the etiquette-conscious French even gave it a name — ‘filer à l’anglaise’ meaning ‘to leave English style’.

Many has been the time I’ve nipped off quietly at 10pm, only for a friend to call the next day to say: ‘Oh and how about when so-and-so did such-and-such at midnight.’ The more people drink, the hazier they become about time.

Group of young people making toast at party

SQUARE THE ROUND

When the round is ordered at the pub, you’ll be forgotten because you aren’t drinking.

Don’t get huffy. After all, how much Diet Coke do you actually want to consume? And do you really want another of those ‘non-alcoholic lagers’ that taste more like something purchased in the solvents aisle at Homebase?

Instead of feeling slighted, see it as an opportunity to duck out of the round. You’ll spend a fraction of the money and it means you can get away when you want to without seeming as though you haven’t paid your share.

ONE THAT GOT AWAY 

Despite your best efforts, there may be someone who isn’t willing to accept the recalibration of your friendship group.

This isn’t your fault. If pulling the thread of alcohol out of a relationship means it falls apart then know that there was never anything you could have done to save it. Other than to start drinking again.

And if a friendship requires a mind-altering substance to make it seem fulfilling, ask yourself; was it ever really that healthy in the first place?

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Dramatic When Drunk? Here’s Why You CAN’T Blame ALCOHOL For BAD Behaviour

Many of us try to blame our bad behavior on simply having too many drinks.

But it turns out that the excuse of becoming a ‘different person’ when we drink is just a myth.

Psychologists have found our personalities barely change at all, and that we simply lose our inhibitions and become more extroverted.

During a test, where participants drank four cocktails over 15 minutes, US researchers observed that their sober and inebriated personalities stayed much the same.

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It may be the case that people simply expect to become different when they are drunk, or that the changes are all in their heads.

Study leader Dr Rachel Winograd, said: ‘There may be a small subset of people who turn into someone completely different when they are drunk, and this may suggest an alcohol problem, but on the whole, most people do not.

‘They instead experience shifts in perception and mood, which may not be observable.

‘We saw people laughing louder, making jokes, doing funny dances, which they would likely not have done sober.

‘But this does not mean that if people behave badly when very drunk, that they are not responsible.’

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