Children born to obese mothers are 57% more likely to develop cancer – study

Children born to obese mothers are up to 57 percent more likely to develop cancer, according to new research.

The researchers, who analyzed more than 2 million births and 3,000 cancer cases in Pennsylvania, believe disruptions to insulin levels at crucial points in the fetus’s development could set in motion dangerous cell changes that lead to disease years down the line.

The connection is so strong, they said, that it should deter any expectant mothers from fast food and excess sugar, which could derail her insulin control.

‘Right now, we don’t know of many avoidable risk factors for childhood cancer,’ lead author Dr Shaina Stacy, an epidemiologist at the University of Pittsburgh, said.

‘My hope is that this study can be, in a way, empowering and also motivating for weight loss.’Her team pored through birth and cancer registry records filed in the state of Pennsylvania between 2003 and 2016.

They found children born to severely obese mothers – with a BMI (body mass index) above 40 – had a 57 percent higher risk of leukemia before the age of five.

I ran Safaricom from a hospital bed; Michael Joseph reveals battle with cancer

This reduces steadily as the mother’s BMI falls – meaning cutting down on burgers, cakes and chips during pregnancy may save a child’s life.

Dr Stacy said: ‘Our intent isn’t to shame women or make them feel guilty.

‘But instead, we are hoping these findings point to one more reason for weight loss.’

She said they are important, because there aren’t many known preventable risk factors for childhood cancer.

Dr Stacy said: ‘This is hopefully one avoidable risk factor, [and] it’s healthy for both the moms and the kids.’

What is more, weight and height were individually linked – suggesting babies of bigger or taller mothers are more prone.The results, published in the American Journal of Epidemiology, were based on the pre pregnancy BMI in mothers and subsequent cancer diagnosis in their offspring.

They held after taking into account other known risk factors for childhood cancer, such as newborn size and maternal age.

The further analysis showed it was not simply larger women were giving birth to bigger infants or that heavier women tended to be older.

Type 2 diabetes 3 TIMES more likely in babies whose mothers were obese while pregnant

Instead, a mother’s size independently contributed to her child’s risk – which she herself can control.

The researchers don’t know why there is such a considerable association between maternal obesity and childhood cancer, but they have some theories.

Dr Stacy said: ‘We can speculate it could have something to do with disruptions in insulin levels in the mother’s body during fetal development, or that the mother’s DNA expression could be altered in some way and passed to her offspring.’

She added: ‘But we would need additional studies to glean why that might be the case.’

Crucially, not all levels of obesity carry the same risk. Among the obese women, higher BMI came with greater cancer prevalence in their children.

Dr Stacy said: ‘So, even small amounts of weight loss can translate to a real reduction in risk.’

Senior author Professor Jian-Min Yuan, co-leader of a prevention program at UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, added: ‘We are dealing with an obesity epidemic in this country.

‘From a prevention point-of-view, maintaining a healthy weight is not only good for the mother, but also for the children, too.’

Daily Mail

One drink of sugary tea a day can increase risk of cancer – study

Just one glass of fruit juice or sugary tea a day significantly raises the risk of cancer, a major study suggests.

Experts last night warned that people are being ‘conned’ into thinking ‘natural’ fruit juice is healthy – even though it is packed with sugar.

Researchers found every 100ml serving of pure fruit juice consumed each day- whether freshly squeezed or sold in a bottle – increases the odds of developing cancer by 12 per cent.

And drinking the same volume of sweetened soft drinks – such as cordial or fizzy pop – increases cancer risk by 19 per cent. Even a cup of tea with two sugars is more unhealthy than a can of cola.

Sugary drinks fuel cancer by speeding up tumors growth

Doctors said the study – which tracked more than 100,000 people in France – strengthens the case for robust Government action to cut consumption of sugary drinks.

But the findings come after Tory leadership contender Boris Johnson last week said he may reverse Theresa May’s flagship sugar levy on soft drinks, belittling such measures ‘sin stealth taxes’.Health officials are increasingly concerned about UK sugar consumption, particularly among children.

Sugar intake is nearly three times the recommended limits for people of all ages, according to Public Health England figures.

And soft drinks are the biggest source of sugar in the diet of children and teenagers, providing 33 per cent of sugar intake for 11-to-18-year-olds – which ministers admit is among the highest level in Europe.This includes fruit juice, which makes up 10 per cent of sugar intake for this age group.

The researchers, from the Sorbonne in Paris and the French Public Health Agency, said strong policies to cut intake of sweet drinks could even cut cancer rates.The academics, writing last night in the British Medical Journal, said: ‘These data support the relevance of existing nutritional recommendations to limit sugary drink consumption, including 100 per cent fruit juice, as well as policy actions, such as taxation and marketing restrictions targeting sugary drinks, which might potentially contribute to the reduction of cancer incidence.’

They added: ‘Of note, despite their overall healthy and natural image in the general population… 100 per cent fruit juices generally contain high levels of simple sugar – 10.3 g/100 mL in this study, sometimes higher than regular soda.’

The team tracked 101,257 people who were aged 42 on average at the start of the study and were followed up for an average of five years.

You don’t need to quit sugar to improve your health; Nutritionist

Their intake of more than 3,000 different food and drink items was assessed at the start of the study and every six months, with each person completing at least two 24-hour dietary questionnaires.

The results showed that for each 100ml per day, a person’s cancer risk increased by 18 per cent.

For fruit juice the increase was 12 per cent and for sugar-sweetened drinks it was 19 per cent. Artificially sweetened drinks, such as diet pop, resulted in no increased risk.

Experts last night criticised the marketing of fruit juice around the world as a ‘healthy’ product – warning that the drinks are packed with sugar, whether they are added artificially or not.

Professor Nikolai Petrovsky, of Flinders University in Australia, said: ‘The population continues to be conned into thinking that “natural” automatically equates to “healthier” which is simply not the case.

‘High sugar natural fruit drinks, which are flourishing worldwide and being marketed as a “healthier” option’ by juice and smoothie companies, can be just as bad if not worse than the carbonated drinks they are attempting to replace, as in many cases they can have an even higher total sugar content.’

Obesity is a known cause of 13 different types of cancer but the new study found even slim people were at increased risk if they drank sugary drinks or fruit juice.

The team said being overweight ‘might not be the only drivers of the association between sugary drinks and the risk of cancer’.

They pointed to other research which suggested that sugary drinks promoted body fat around the abdomen, even if a person is of a healthy weight, which in turn promotes the growth of tumours.

Other explanations for the link between sugary drinks and cancer could be the high glycaemic load of sugary drinks, they said.Dr Graham Wheeler, senior statistician at Cancer Research UK, welcomed the study but stressed that very few people would get cancer as a result of drinking sweet products.

‘Participants were followed on average for about five years, and 22 participants per 1,000 developed some form of cancer,’ he said.

‘So this means if 1,000 similar participants increased their daily sugary drink intake by 100ml, we’d expect the number of cancer cases to rise from 22 to 26 per 1,000 people over a five-year period.

‘However, this assumes that there is a genuine causal link between sugary drink intake and developing cancer, and this still needs further research.’

Susannah Brown of the World Cancer Research Fund, said: ‘We recommend not drinking sugary drinks to reduce your risk of weight gain and therefore cancer.

‘Instead, rely on water to quench your thirst.’

The Government’s soft drinks levy was introduced in April 2018 – pushing up the price of soft drinks with added sugar.

The scheme is expected to be extended to milkshakes in the near future, but there are thought to be no plans to include fruit juice, which includes naturally occurring ‘free sugars’.

Health Minister Nicola Blackwood, who was responsible for introducing the sugar tax, in 2017 said British children’s consumption of sugary food and soft drinks were among the highest in Europe, adding: ‘We have developed in the UK an addiction to sugar.’

Dr Alison Tedstone, chief nutritionist at Public Health England said last night: ‘Regularly consuming drinks high in sugar can contribute to tooth decay and weight gain.

‘Being overweight can cause serious ill health – including some cancers.’

But Gavin Partington, director-general of the British Soft Drinks Association, said the study ‘does not provide evidence of cause, as the authors readily admit’.

‘Soft drinks are safe to consume as part of a balanced diet,’ he said.

‘The soft drinks industry recognises it has a role to play in helping to tackle obesity which is why we have led the way in calorie and sugar reduction.’

He said overall sugar intake from soft drinks had fallen 29 per cent between May 2015 and May 2019.

Daily Mail

Sonko promises to sponsor some Kenyans to visit cancer fighter, MP Ken Okoth

Cancer robbed us this week of a great warrior. That person was the late Safaricom CEO, Bob Collymore. Bob succumbed to Acute Myeloid Leukaemia on Monday after battling the disease for two years.

Bob-Collymore
Bob-Collymore smiling in his heyday

While it may seem that cancer claims every person that it attacks, there are some people who have fought the disease and won. And there are those Kenyans who are still fighting right now.

One of those is Kibra MP Ken Okoth battling Colorectal Cancer with every fiber in his body. He has been in France the last couple of months for treatment. He recently decided to pay a visit to Kenya’s ambassador to France, Judy Wakhungu.

While visiting Wakhungu, they discussed various issues ranging from education projects and sports diplomacy among other issues affecting his constituents. She wrote on her Twitter page;

Courtesy call from from Ken Okoth (Kibra). He updated us on many issues including his impressive education projects and his plans for increasing them to reach as many students as possible. He is also keen to use Sports Diplomacy to expand students’ horizons.

Kenneth Okoth has been battling cororectal cancer
Kenneth Okoth has been battling colorectal cancer

Many Kenyans were thrilled to see the MP in good spirits including Nairobi Governor Mike Sonko who weighed in urging the MP to soldier on. Sonko also promised to sponsor a team of religious leaders, and his constituents to pay him a visit in France, writing;

Cancer is really hitting us hard. The most important thing in illness is never to lose heart…on behalf of the great people of Nairobi our prayers are with you Ken Okoth. I shall be willing to sponsor and lead a delegation of pastors, Imams and a few Kibra constituents to visit him in France and pray for our beloved MP. Get Well Soon Bro. Just continue believing in God.

Mike Mbuvi Sonko
Mike Mbuvi Sonko

Cancer is the second leading cause of death globally, and was responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. … The total annual economic cost of cancer in 2010 was estimated at approximately US$ 1.16 trillion (Ksh 116 trillion shillings).

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‘I ran Safaricom from a hospital bed’ – Michael Joseph reveals battle with cancer

Michael Joseph is the interim CEO of Safaricom at the moment.

This comes after the death of Bob Collymore that happened on Monday this week after a long battle with cancer.

Collymore was cremated yesterday in a private ceremony at the Kariokor crematorium.

In an interview on K24, Michael Joseph revealed his own personal battle with cancer.

Bob-Collymore
Bob-Collymore

Michael explained how back in 2003 he had suffered from colon cancer but was lucky enough to get treatment and survive it.

He said the situation was so severe that at some point, he had to perform his managerial duties while on a hospital bed.

He said;

Not many people know that I am also a cancer survivor and that I was diagnosed with cancer in 2003 whilst the CEO of Safaricom. I was fortunate enough to be diagnosed, treated, operated on and now I am a cancer survivor

Did he have any plans for dealing with the cancer pandemic affecting the country? He hinted that those plans might be in the offing now especially after the death of Bob.

Michael Joseph speaking in a panel
Michael Joseph speaking in a panel

He said;

I don’t have any direct plans to do that (set up a cancer center) although they should probably know that Safaricom Foundation has spent a lot of money in the health field. I am sure in the memory of Bob (Collymore), we will do more now in terms of preventing and helping the treatment of cancer.

In a previous interview with a local daily, Joseph explained that he approved some critical company projects while bedridden.

It was a long drawn out affair and for some time, I ran Safaricom from a hospital bed. People would bring me advertisements to approve and all that and then they would be worried because I had tubes running all over my body.

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Bob Collymore died from Acute Myeloid Leukemia. What is it?

Bob Collymore died this morning after losing his fight with the medical condition, Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). What is it? It is a cancer of the myeloid line of blood cells, characterized by the rapid growth of abnormal cells that build up in the bone marrow and blood and interfere with normal blood cells.

Safaricom CEO Bob Collymore is dead

Leukemias are cancers that start in cells that would normally develop into different types of blood cells. Most often, leukemia starts in early forms of white blood cells, but some leukemias start in other blood cell types.

There are several types of leukemia, which are divided based mainly on whether the leukemia is acute (fast growing) or chronic (slower growing), and whether it starts in myeloid cells or lymphoid cells.

Auer_rods
Auer_rods

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) starts in the bone marrow (the soft inner part of certain bones, where new blood cells are made), but most often it quickly moves into the blood, as well. It can sometimes spread to other parts of the body including the lymph nodes, liver, spleen, central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), and testicles.

Most often, AML develops from cells that would turn into white blood cells (other than lymphocytes), but sometimes AML develops in other types of blood-forming cells. The different types of AML are discussed in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Subtypes and Prognostic Factors.

Bob Collymore
The late Bob Collymore smiling

Symptoms may include feeling tired, shortness of breath, easy bruising and bleeding, and increased risk of infection. Occasionally, spread may occur to the brain, skin, or gums. As an acute leukemia, AML progresses rapidly and is typically fatal within weeks or months if left untreated.

Risk factors include smoking, previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy, myelodysplastic syndrome, and exposure to the chemical benzene.

The underlying mechanism involves replacement of normal bone marrow with leukemia cells, which results in a drop in red blood cells, platelets, and normal white blood cells. Diagnosis is generally based on bone marrow aspiration and specific blood tests. AML has several subtypes for which treatments and outcomes may vary.

AML typically is initially treated with chemotherapy, with the aim of inducing remission. People may then go on to receive additional chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a stem cell transplant. The specific genetic mutations present within the cancer cells may guide therapy, as well as determine how long that person is likely to survive. Arsenic trioxide may be tried in cases that have recurred following usual treatments.

Here are some of the lessons every Kenyan should learn from Bob Collymore

In 2015, AML affected about one million people and resulted in 147,000 deaths globally. It most commonly occurs in older adults. Males are affected more often than females. AML is curable in about 35% of people under 60 years old and 10% over 60 years old. Older people whose health is too poor for intensive chemotherapy have a typical survival of 5–10 months.

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has many other names, including acute myelocytic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, acute granulocytic leukemia, and acute non-lymphocytic leukemia.

Read here for more

 

Dogs can sniff out lung cancer with 97 percent accuracy – study

Dogs can sniff out lung cancer with near-perfect accuracy, new research claims.

Scientists first suggested training dogs to sniff out cancer back in 1989, and in the last several years, many studies have explored the ability of dogs to find melanoma, lung, breast and bladder cancers.

One Alabama woman has taken it upon herself to train local and visiting dogs into medical assistants, of sorts.

Cindy Roberts, who has been training dogs professionally since 1982 shifted her focus to the animals’ hyper-sensitive noses when her own mother died, just six days following her lung cancer diagnosis.

Her vow to her mother was to help others catch cancer sooner, in the hopes their survival chances might be better.

And according to the new study from Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine-Bradenton Campus, dogs like Cindy’s might do that less expensively an with equal or greater accuracy, than lab and machine testing can.

Cancer screening and diagnostics have come a long way, but they’re far from perfect.

Improving them is essential, as an early diagnosis is often the difference between life and death.

That’s particularly true for non-small cell lung cancer.

If the cancer is caught in its earliest stages, before the disease spreads, the five-year survival rate is 60 percent.

But it’s hard to detect, as many people have no symptoms and if a person does develop symptoms, they tend to be mild ones, such as a persistent cough.

Once the disease has reached its more advanced stages, metastisizing to neighboring regions of the body, five-year survival drops to one-third.

By the time signs of the cancer are far flung throughout the body, the chance of surviving for five years drops to six percent.

Imaging like CAT scans, CT scans, X-rays and PET scans are used to try to detect the disease before a biopsy is analyzed under a microscope to make the final diagnosis.

But these tests are not totally reliable, and can be extremely expensive, costing anywhere between $270 and $5,000.

Cindy knows just how unhelpful these tests can be.

By the time her mother’s lung cancer (it’s unclear if it was SCLC or another form) was diagnosed in 2014, it was too late for treatment to save her.

The six days between her mother’s diagnosis and her death were barely enough time for Cindy and other loved-ones to say their goodbyes.

Her mother had survived both melanoma and breast cancer, but late detection made lung cancer an un-winnable fight for her.

‘She said “I’ve had a good life, I’ve enjoyed these six days,” but I told her that if I can ever be in a position here I can help someone to have ore than six days, I will,’ Cindy says.

‘I wanted to do something – I guess I’m just stingy, I wanted more than six days.’

Cindy had been training dogs to obey their owners and more since the 1980s.

So when she learned in 2016 that the animals she had dedicated her life to up until that point could sniff out cancer, she knew just what she wanted to do.

That year, Cindy and her training partner completed an intensive course in California, then returned to Alabama and got right to work.

They’ve trained 12 dogs, so far, to recognize pads with urine, plasma or tissue samples of cancer on them.

Dogs have incredibly sensitive noses – about 10,000 times more so than humans’ own senses of smell.

This allows them to detect far more subtle molecular biomarkers than we ever could, without putting a person through an expensive machine or sending a sample for costly lab work.

In the Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine study, published Monday, the researchers trained three beagles to sit when they smelled non-small cell lung cancer in a blood sample.

The dogs detected cancer with 97 sensitivity and 96 percent accuracy – indicating that they are a highly effective, if small, team.

And Cindy says her dogs are that accurate, too.

So far, she’s trained 12 dogs to detect cancer at her Birmingham facility since she went through her own training course in 2016.

Most of the dogs – of all shapes, sizes, breeds and ages – belong to clients, but two of Cindy has trained two of her older dogs to search out cancer.

Nibbler, a nine-year-old long-coated Chihuahua, and Obi, a five-or-so-year-old rescue Dachshund can sniff with the best of them, Cindy says.

‘My little guys, in terms of accuracy, are on the same level, it’s just the amount of time during the day [they may not be able to handle],’ she says.

As the lung cancer study’s authors seemed to note, beagles are naturals, and Cindy says bigger breeds like German shepherds, Labrador Retrievers  and Weimaraners all make good cancer sniffers, in part because they have a lot of stamina.

Cindy can’t yet use her dogs to diagnose patients but is currently in the process of partnering with an ovarian cancer researcher for a study (she isn’t allowed to disclose who or what institution ‘the gentleman’ is affiliated with yet).

Ovarian cancer is notoriously difficult to detect and often proves a silent killer because it’s caught too late to be treated effectively.

So if Cindy’s dogs can sniff it out, they will be the veritable ‘Holy Grail’ of cancer screening.

‘The main problem everyone has is getting to the point where they can obtain cancer samples,’ Cindy explains.

‘It’s backwards – normally the researcher would write a proposal,’ but with cancer sniffing dogs, the trainers are the ones to researchers and say ‘”here’s this project, here’s my dogs, here’s my money, let’s do this.”‘

Cindy is hopeful that dogs will not only be studied more for cancer detection accuracy, but that scientists will be able to work out what exactly it is that dogs are smelling when they smell cancer.

‘If a dog can detect stage 1 cancer, and a doctor can’t find it on any of a patient’s scans, and eventually it does show up, if we can figure out what it is that the dog is smelling, what that magical mix of compounds is,’ Cindy says, then we could catch more cancer earlier.

In the meantime, she’s training up another two of her own dogs plus several for clients.

‘Everyone that I know has known someone that has gone through cancer, or they’ve lost someone to cancer, and thy feel like this is their way of trying to help and give back,’ says Cindy.

Daily Mail

80% of women do not realise that alcohol can cause breast cancer

Four out of five women do not realise drinking alcohol could raise their risk of breast cancer, according to research.

A majority of women surveyed at a breast screening clinic were unaware of the link and many staff were also in the dark about it.

Experts have warned alcohol’s danger must be better understood because it may cause as many as one in 10 cases of the UK’s most common cancer.

And although only 20 per cent of women knew alcohol was a cancer risk factor, around two thirds of them admitted drinking regularly.

Both patients and staff agreed the issue should be discussed more but both groups said they were worried about ‘blaming’ patients for drinking or ‘patronising’ them.
Researchers from the University of Southampton surveyed 238 people involved in the breast cancer diagnosis process.

They included 103 women attending breast clinics to talk about symptoms, 102 women going for screening, and 33 NHS staff at a breast care centre.

Some 16 per cent of the screening group and 23 per cent of the clinic group knew that alcohol was a risk factor for cancer.

And only 52 per cent of the clinical staff could identify the link between the two.Booze is actually thought to be to blame for between five and 11 per cent of all breast cancer cases, the researchers warned.

Around 55,000 cases of the disease are diagnosed every year in the UK, making up around 15 per cent of all cancer diagnoses. In the US, the figure is around the 270,000 mark.

Cancer Research UK says if 1,000 women drink between three and six units per day (one or two large glasses of wine), there is likely to be 27 extra cases of cancer than in a teetotal group.

Alcohol can increase breast cancer risk by raising levels of hormones which accelerate tumours or by releasing DNA-damaging chemicals.

Doing more to warn people about the link between drink and cancer could prevent cancers and save lives, said the researchers, led by Professor Julia Sinclair.

They said: ‘Over 20 per cent of women aged 45 to 64 reportedly drink more than 14 units per week.

‘So any intervention to reduce [alcohol] consumption could have a significant influence on breast cancer rates, as well as help to manage the side effects of treatment and improve the overall health of survivors.’

People in the survey were open to the idea of having information sessions when they went for screening or meetings with nurses or doctors.

But both patients and staff were worried about causing offence by blaming people for drinking so much they damaged their health.

Patients may also feel patronised, they warned, if they were told how to look after themselves.

In their study the researchers wrote: ‘Both staff and clinic attendees showed [mixed feelings] about discussing alcohol, concerned about it being taken as stigmatising or blaming women’.

And they added: ‘In addition to time, use of additional resources and potential cause for anxiety the staff group also mentioned contributing to “the worried well” culture, time inefficiencies and fears about it being seen as “blaming” or “patronising” as potential disadvantages’.

Eluned Hughes, Public Health Specialist at Breast Cancer Care and Breast Cancer Now, said many women aren’t aware that drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer.

She said: ‘Breast cancer risk is affected by a combination of our genes, lifestyle choices and events throughout life, and there is never one single cause of the disease. But, with many contributing factors, it’s vital we support more women to do what they can to help shift the odds in their favour.

‘We need to find ways to support people to drink less without making anyone feel blamed or judged.

‘It’s encouraging that this study suggests that the Breast Screening Programme could offer a new opportunity for women and healthcare professionals to discuss possible risk-reducing steps.’Nearly a third of women said they would be more likely to attend a screening appointment if they knew they would get advice on how to try and avoid cancer.

The study also found that less than a third of people (30 per cent) realised being fat raised their risk of breast cancer, and only half correctly identified smoking tobacco as a risk factor.

The research was published in the journal BMJ Open.

Daily Mail

A Thankful Heart: Kibra MP Ken Okoth’s message to KOT

BBC TV personality Larry Madowo paid a visit to ailing Kibra Mp Ken Okoth, as he continues with medical treatment in Paris.

The MP who has won the hearts of Kenyans, disclosed recently that he was diagnosed with Cancer.

Madowo’s message read

Great catching up with my friend Ken Okoth.

He’s in good spirits and thanks everyone for the support

Check out how Robert Burale and daughter Lexie celebrated fathers day – Video

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Reasons why Monday’s should be your most productive days of the week

Ken Okoth is a man who has a story that has inspired many and still continues to inspire a lot of people.

The MP has been battling cancer but still continues to put on a brave and optimistic face amidst treatment.

Other Kenyas who have visited the MP include Speaker of the Senate ken Lusaka and Esther Passaris.

KOT whispered words of comfort to him under the comments section

mamah_nate: This too shall pass for Ken. He shall come out a Victor… Praying for him.

estheratsango: May God heal him. I shed tears for him almost daily. May our good Lord answer my prayers for Ken. I love him so much Such a great Leader.

judyjmutheu: Lord Jesus I thank you for the gift of great health and for those who don’t have this gift Lord I ask that you heal them. Amen

maureenakenga: May God grant you full recovery. Your best days are ahead of you. Hold on help is on the way.

samconny1: We’re praying for him…🙏🙏🙏🙏 God’s mercy upon him

saenyi_simon: Great to see you Ken…you shall get over this…. We are praying for you

stacyhope09: Keep well boss, may your healing come from the above

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Prostate cancer breakthrough: New treatment to destroy tumor cells

A radical ‘seek and destroy’ treatment could extend the lives of thousands of men with advanced prostate cancer, a study shows.

The approach described by experts as ‘game changing’ – uses high-tech molecules to track down tumors anywhere in the body and blast them with a radioactive payload.

The breakthrough ‘PSMA’ radiotherapy treatment became available privately in Britain for the first time last week with two men already treated.

Thousands more are expected to benefit if global trials currently under way come back with positive results, providing the key to NHS approval.

Experts at the American Society of Clinical Oncology congress in Chicago said the treatment provided hope for men for whom all other options had run out.

Without it they are simply referred for palliative end-of-life care.

Australian oncologist Arun Azad, who is testing the treatment on 200 men in one of ten trials taking place around the world, said: ‘It is potentially game changing.

image-2019-06-03 (2) (1)

‘If the results are positive, it really will change the landscape of how we treat prostate cancer.’

The new treatment targets a protein on the surface of prostate cancer cells called PSMA, or ‘prostate-specific membrane antigen’.

The treatment contains a molecule, known as PSMA-617, which seeks out and binds to PSMA.

The molecule also carries a ‘payload’ a nuclear isotope called Lutetium-177 which delivers a powerful blast of radiotherapy.

Crucially, the radiotherapy travels only 1mm ensuring only prostate cells are damaged and healthy tissue is spared.

A pilot study of 50 men in Australia has shown the treatment extends the life expectancy of men with advanced prostate cancer from nine months to an average of 13.3 months.

But a fifth of patients responded extremely well – and were still alive after 33 months.

Daily Mail

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Smokers of light cigarettes suffer same fate as those who use traditional ones

Smokers of ‘light’ or menthol cigarettes are just as likely to die from lung cancer as those who use the traditional ones, researchers claim.

Scientists have warned there is no safe cigarette, despite people believing low-tar options may be a healthier choice.

Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina analysed health records of 14,000 smokers, aged between 55 and 74.

All the volunteers had smoked for at least 30 ‘pack years’ – the number of packs per day multiplied by years smoked.

Academics calculated the effect of smoking habits on lung cancer incidence and mortality, as well as deaths from all causes, although it is not clear what other causes were studied.

No difference was found in lung cancer incidence or deaths, or all-cause mortality between regular cigarette smokers and light or ultralight smokers.
Lead author Dr Nina Thomas said: ‘There’s still this idea that light or ultralight might be better for you, and it’s not.

‘All cigarettes are bad. They all increase the risk for lung cancer and the risk of dying from lung cancer.’

However, the results did show smokers of light cigarettes – sold by brands such as Marlboro – had a lower dependence on tobacco.

But they were less likely to kick the habit than regular cigarette smokers, according to the data from The National Lung Screening Trial in the US.Light or ultralight cigarettes, which started being developed in the 1960s, are advertised as having less tobacco, nicotine, tar, and a milder flavour. Menthol cigarettes are flavoured with menthol.

And Dr Thomas added there was also ‘no difference’ in any of the outcomes when comparing menthol smokers to adults keen on normal cigarettes.

But smokers of unfiltered cigarettes were 40 per cent more likely to develop lung cancer, and almost twice as likely to die from it.

They’re also 30 per cent more likely to die of any cause and are more dependent, when compared with filtered cigarette smokers.

Filtered cigarettes – with the filter at the top – were introduced in the 1950s as a solution to the growing concern over cigarette safety.

Before this, all cigarettes were sold ‘unfiltered’, which you can still make today with rolling tobacco.

Dr Thomas said there have been several alterations to cigarettes in the past 70 years in response to public concern about health risks.

‘Despite these changes, smoking remains associated with 90 per cent of lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer related mortality,’ she said.

Smoking rates have fallen over the past 50 years but around 40million Americans still smoke, according the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The number of smokers in the UK has also decreased over the past few decades, to a record low of just 14.9 per cent, according to the NHS.

Of those who do smoke, 60.8 per cent intend to quit, according to the Office for National Statistics.

There are around 46,700 new lung cancer cases in the UK every year, and in 2018 an estimated 234,000 new cases of lung cancer were diagnosed in the US.

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Why Kibra MP Ken Okoth possibly chose Paris for cancer treatment 


Kamukunji MP Yusuf Hassan visited Kibra MP Ken Okoth who is receiving medical treatment for Cancer.

Hassan is known as a quiet MP and his fans and followers are speaking highly if how big hearted he is.

Hassan surprised Kenyans while revealing what he was upto over the weekend.

He wrote

I spent the weekend visiting my brother the MP for Kibra, Hon Ken Okoth, who is in Paris for medical treatment. In spite of the pain & suffering he has endured, I found him in a cheerful mood and high spirits. He is an extraordinary person with a strong faith and fortitude.

yusufhassanandkenokoth2
Ken Okoth and Yusuf Hassan

Ken Okoth earlier this year went public revealing he is battling cancer and even shared pictures of the progress he is making.

Here is why France is highly sought in the treatment for Cancer.

According to an article published in SFRO.org

Many Centres Offering Specialised Treatment For Cancer Patients
Today, France has over ten globally recognised institutions offering specialised treatment for cancer patients. These medical institutions are renowned for providing highly competitive treatment options for cancer patients of all kinds.

It is for this reason that the country’s major cancer institutes, recently reported that men and women saw their survival rates jump from 72 % to 94 % in the last decade.

yusufhassanandkenokoth3
MP’s Ken Okoth and Yusuf Hassan

Equipment And Drugs For Administering Special Cancer Treatment Procedures
Over the years, France has witnessed an increase in the number of modern drugs for the treatment of cancer. The nation has also embraced a wide range of modern equipment including radiation oncology machines.

More Success Stories
Over the years, the country has registered a long list of success stories in all areas of cancer treatment. This applies to patients of cancer ranging from lung cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, cancer of the throat and even cancer of the stomach among other forms of cancer.

Many Research Centres With Global Recognition

“Research and training centres”
The country is home to many research and training centres with global recognition. One particular centre that is held in high esteem for its remarkable fight against cancer is the French Society Of Radiation Oncologists (SFRO) which remains one of the most important centres for cancer research in the country. This society along with other societies is spearheading the fight against cancer by promoting research and training of medical experts from all over the country. In just a decade, the centre has managed to encapsulate around 120 active members from all over France.

We wish mhesh a quick recovery.

See photos of Hassans visit to Paris:

 

Kibra Mp Kenneth Okoth comforted by Kenyans after sharing photo showing cancer journey

 

Kibra Mp Kenneth Okoth not too long ago revealed he has been diagnosed with cancer.

Okoth is sharing his journey battling cancer after a fan asked how he is doing.

He says cancer treatment is progressing well, and remains hopeful.

He also shard this photo that’s a testimony of his journey through treatment. (see below)

kenneth okoth mp kibra really sick
Kibra MP

Here are the words of comfort whispered by Kenyans to the hard working MP.
Pam Jomo …Get some bitter Apricot seeds and essiac tea – aka alternative treatment— testimonials say you can do with chemo — read about it and be informed.
May the Almighty God see you through. Trust in God

Stanley Oketch… My earnest prayers Hon.
You have been an inspirational leader. Just the kind of leader this country needs, especially at this time.

Jos Fyn …Am in tears as I write this. Its only God who can heal you Ken. Almighty God remember our brother.

Kashiru Kamau …May God see you through this Ken, you are a great guy and God will surely come to your rescue.. Quick recovery Ken, healing is your portion.. In Jesus mighty name

Lynn Kish Braidist Nyasach Loch, …akwayi lochne Ken may he be healed dear Lord. You have seen the good work he has done for your people. Come through for him in Jesus name I pray. Amen

Jedidah Kangai ..May the lord answer you in your time of need bearing in mind the work that you do for the people of kibera… May he remember and heal you mheshimiwa

 

Joe Diego Mwakondo …Some little encouragement for you.

Right now, there are people all over the world
who are just like you. They’re either lonely,
they’re missing somebody, they’re depressed,
they’re hurt, they’re scarred from their past,
they’re having personal issues no one knows
about, they have secrets you wouldn’t believe.
They wish and they dream and they hope.
They wish things will get better, and life
starts going the way they want it. They look
out the window whenever they’re in the car
or on a bus or a train and they watch the
people on the streets and wonder what
they’ve been through. They wonder if there
are people out there like them. They’re like
you, and you could tell them everything and
they would understand.
And right now, they’re sitting here reading
these words, and I’m writing this for you so
you don’t feel alone anymore. You’re not
alone, the problems and disappointments
you’ve gone through or facing now someone
somewhere across the world understands.
Whatever you’re facing right now, whatever
negative things are happening in your life i
stand in faith that things will get better for
you. Don’t worry about the future, don’t be
depressed about your past and just focus on
today. And if today’s not going so great don’t
worry! Tomorrow’s a new chance.

 

 

 

 

Women being put off cervical cancer tests by ‘shame’ over HPV virus

 

Women are being put off cervical screening over fears the results could suggest they or their partners have been cheating, a survey has found.

Experts from charity Jo’s Cervical Cancer Trust have warned that a sense of ‘shame’ from being diagnosed with human papilloma virus (HPV) – the virus responsible for most cervical cancer cases – is adding to the anxiety of smear tests.

They said the infection, which affects eight out of ten women at some point in their lives, must be ‘normalised’ to encourage more women to attend life-saving screening.

The survey of more than 2,000 women found nearly 40 per cent said they would be worried about what people thought of them if told they had HPV and slightly more said they would worry their partner had been unfaithful.

Seven in ten said they would be scared to hear they had HPV and two-thirds would worry it meant they had cancer.

But the charity’s findings also showed many respondents did not understand the link between HPV and cancer.

A third said they did not know the virus, which can be dormant, could cause cervical cancer and almost all were unaware of its links to throat or mouth cancer.

Campaigners said the findings were particularly worrying given the new HPV screening will replace the existing cervical cancer test later this year. It means samples will first be checked for high-risk strands of the virus before being sent for further examination if necessary.

Robert Music, chief executive of Jo’s Trust, said: ‘With the screening programme moving to testing for HPV first, which is to be celebrated, we must normalise the virus to ensure people fully understand what it means to have it.’

Dailymail

Sore throat that won’t go away could be sign of cancer

 
Do YOU have a persistent sore throat? Researchers warn the symptom could be a sign of CANCER in your larynx.

Patients who visit their GPs with a persistent sore throat should be considered for larynx cancer, a study suggests.

A sore throat combined with shortness of breath, problems swallowing or earache is a greater warning sign of laryngeal cancer than hoarseness alone, new research concludes.

A study of more than 800 patients diagnosed with cancer of the larynx found more than a five per cent risk of cancer when these symptoms showed, compared to 2.7 per cent for hoarseness alone.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) guidelines currently recommend investigation for persistent hoarseness or an unexplained neck lump.

But the findings from the University of Exeter gives greater insight into the combinations of symptoms GPs should be alert to when deciding who should be investigated for cancer.

What is throat cancer?
Laryngeal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the larynx (voice box).

The condition is more common in people over the age of 60, and around four times more common in men than women.

The main symptoms include: a change in your voice, such as sounding hoarse, pain or difficulty when swallowing, a lump or swelling in the neck, a long-lasting cough, a persistent sore throat or earache and in severe cases, difficulty breathing.

Some people may also experience bad breath, breathlessness, a high-pitched wheezing noise when breathing, unexplained weight loss, or fatigue.

It is not clear exactly what causes laryngeal cancer, but the risk is increased by smoking tobacco, regularly drinking large amounts of alcohol, a family history of head and neck cancer, an unhealthy diet or exposure to certain chemicals and substances, such as asbestos and coal dust.

Source: NHS

Professor Willie Hamilton, who co-wrote the study, said: ‘This research matters – when Nice guidance for cancer investigation was published there was no evidence from GP practices to guide this, nor to inform GPs.

‘Crucially, hoarseness serious enough to be reported to GPs does warrant investigation.

‘Furthermore, our research has shown the potential severity of some symptom combinations previously thought to be low-risk.’

The research, published in the British Journal of General Practice, was carried out using patient records from more than 600 GP practices as part of the UK’s Clinical Practice Research Datalink.

Dailymail

Syria First lady undergoing breast cancer treatment

Syria’s British-born first lady Asma Assad has begun treatment for breast cancer.

The Syrian presidency posted on its Facebook page a photo of President Bashar Assad sitting next to his wife in a hospital room with an IV drip in her left arm.

The accompanying statement said the “malignant tumour” was discovered in its early stages. Such public announcements are uncommon in the Arab world, where cancer is considered a taboo.

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Syria President Asad and First lady: Washington Times

State news agency SANA said the first lady is undergoing treatment at a military hospital in the Syrian capital of Damascus.

The 42-year-old Asma Assad is originally from the central province of Homs. She was born and raised in the UK before moving back to Syria after meeting the president.

Dailymail

Gay Dad Given 18 Months After Being Diagnosed With Throat Cancer

One of Britain’s first gay fathers has been given just 18 months to live after being diagnosed with throat cancer, his daughter has revealed.

Tony Drewitt-Barlow, from Essex, made history in 2000 by becoming the first same-sex surrogate parent in Britain along with his partner Barrie.

But he is now facing a slim chance of survival after aggressive throat cancer from more than a decade ago returned.

The fatal diagnosis has been revealed by his 18-year-old daughter Saffron – who has been described as the ‘ultimate daddy’s girl’ after the couple lavished her with gifts and a £5,000-per-month allowance.

The disease is said to have reappeared despite several rounds of chemotherapy – with the ‘whole side of his face gone’.

Women Prefer Gay Porn To ‘Female-Friendly’ Straight Porn, Says Survey

Tony is now waiting to have an operation in Florida, where the millionaire couple live with their five children for half the year.

Doctors fear that sepsis could set in but he is on antibiotics in a bid to keep the risk of infection down.

Saffron told the Sun: ‘They’ve given him 18 months to live if he doesn’t have the operation. If he has the op, there’s a 50/50 chance he’ll live.

‘We’re all devastated. My Daddy (Barrie) never shows emotions but he is completely beside himself.

Habari gani hii! Alcohol causes cancer by permanently damaging cells and DNA!

I love alcohol. I enjoy imbibing this precious resource that our government takes great pleasure in taxing heavily. This is an article I would rather not write, but write I must as yours truly cares about the health of our readership. I know, najaribu kuwaharibia Friday, lakini lazima ukweli usemwe! It is with great sadness that I announce the results of a study done by British scientists.
When i'm sad meme
When i’m sad meme. photo credit: jokideo
Drinking alcohol produces a harmful chemical in the body which can lead to permanent genetic damage in the DNA of stem cells, increasing the risk of cancer developing, according to research published on Wednesday. Working with mice in a laboratory, British scientists used chromosome analysis and DNA sequencing to examine the genetic damage caused by acetaldehyde, a harmful chemical produced when the body processes it.
Alcohol
Alcohol. photo credit: KDXU
Their findings offered more detail about how alcohol increases the risk of developing 7 types of cancer, including common forms such as breast and bowel cancer. It also showed how the body seeks to defend against the damage alcohol can do. Ketan Patel, a professor at the Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, who co-led the study wrote:
“Some cancers develop due to DNA damage in stem cells. While some damage occurs by chance, our findings suggest that drinking alcohol can increase the risk of this damage.”
The researchers also looked at how the body tries to protect itself against damage caused by alcohol. The first line of defense is a group of enzymes called aldehyde dehydrogenases or ALDHs, Patel explained. These break down the acetaldehyde into acetate, which cells can then use as a source of energy.
Cancer cells
Cancer cells. photo credit: Ask a Biologist – Arizona State University
In the study, when mice lacking a critical ALDH enzyme were given alcohol, their DNA suffered four times as damage compared with mice with a properly functioning version of the enzyme. Patel said cells also have a second line of defense in the form of a range of DNA repair systems which, most of the time, allow them to fix and reverse different types of DNA damage.
There you have it people. Pombe bado mtakunywa ama?