Patrick Modiano from France is the winner of the 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature.
Modiano beat a strong list of writers to the prize including Kenya’s Ngugi wa Thiong’o who had been billed as favorite to win it.
The Nobel Academy described the novelist, whose work has often focused on the Nazi occupation of France, as “a Marcel Proust of our time”.
The award – presented to a living writer – is worth eight million kronor (£691,000).
The academy said the award was “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”.